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Anal cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in the anal canal. The anal canal is a short tube at the end of your rectum through which stool leaves your body.
- Anal cancer can cause signs and symptoms such as rectal bleeding and anal pain.
- Most people with anal cancer are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Although the combination of anal cancer treatments increases the chances of recovery, the combination treatments also increase the risk of side effects.Anal cancer Treatment Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of anal cancer include:
- Bleeding from the anus or rectum
- Anal pain
- A lump or growth in the anal canal
- Anal itching
Anal cancer occurs when a genetic mutation turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate and eventually die. The abnormal cells grow and multiply uncontrollably and do not die. The abnormal cells that accumulate form a lump (tumor). Cancer cells invade nearby tissues and can separate from an initial tumor and spread (metastasize) elsewhere in the body.
- Anal cancer is closely linked to a sexually transmitted infection called human papillomavirus (HPV). Evidence of HPV can be found in most types of anal cancers. HPV is believed to be the leading cause of anal cancer.
Several factors have been found to increase your risk of anal cancer, including:
- An older age. Most cases of anal cancer occur in people over the age of 50.
- Lots of sexual partners. People who have multiple sexual partners in their lifetime are at higher risk of anal cancer.
- Anal sex People who have receptive anal sex are at an increased risk of anal cancer.
- Smoke. Smoking cigarettes can increase your risk of anal cancer.
- History of cancer. Those who have had cervical, vulvar, or vaginal cancer are at increased risk of anal cancer.Anal cancer Treatment Hyderabad
There is no surefire way to prevent anal cancer. How to reduce your risk of anal cancer:
- Practice safe sex. Practicing safe sex can help prevent HPV and HIV, two sexually transmitted viruses that can increase your risk of anal cancer. If you choose to have anal sex, use condoms.
- Get vaccinated against HPV. A vaccine to protect against HPV infection is available. It is recommended for adolescents, boys and girls, but it can also be given to adults.
- Stop smoking. Smoking increases the risk of anal cancer. Don’t start smoking. Quit if you are smoking.Anal cancer Treatment Hyderabad