- Nervous anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) – often referred to simply as anorexia – is an eating disorder characterized by unusually low body weight, severe fear of weight gain, and distorted weight awareness. People with anorexia take great care to control their weight and shape by putting in extreme efforts that make a significant impact on their lives.
- To avoid gaining weight, or to keep losing weight, people with anorexia usually severely restrict the amount of food they eat. You can control caloric intake by vomiting after eating or by misusing laxatives, diet aids, diuretics, or enemas. You can also try to lose weight through exercise. Regardless of the weight loss, the person continues to fear weight gain.
- Anorexia isn’t really about food. It is an extremely unhealthy and sometimes deadly way of dealing with emotional problems. When you have anorexia, you often equate thinness with self-esteem. Anorexia nervosa Treatment in Nizamabad
The physical signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa are related to hunger. Anorexia also encompasses emotional and behavioral problems that include an unrealistic perception of body weight and an extremely strong fear of weight gain or obesity.
The signs and symptoms can be difficult to notice as what is considered low body weight is different for each person and some people may not look extremely thin. In addition, people with anorexia often hide their thinness, eating habits, or physical problems. Anorexia nervosa Treatment in Nizamabad
The physical signs and symptoms of anorexia can include:
- Extreme weight loss or lack of expected weight gain during development
- Slim appearance
- Abnormal blood count
- Dizziness or fainting
- Bluish discoloration of the fingers
- Hair that thins, breaks, or falls out
The exact cause of anorexia is unknown. As with many illnesses, it is likely a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors.
Biologically. Although it is not yet known which genes are involved, genetic changes may occur that put some people at higher risk of developing anorexia. Some people may have a genetic tendency toward perfectionism, sensitivity, and persistence – all traits associated with anorexia.
Psychologically. Some people with anorexia may have compulsive personality traits that make it easier to stick to a strict diet and avoid eating when you are hungry. You may have an extreme urge for perfectionism that leads you to believe that you will never be thin enough. And they can have high levels of anxiety and resort to restrictive eating to reduce it.
Surroundings. Modern western culture emphasizes thinness. Success and value are often equated with slimness. Peer pressure can help instill a desire to be thin, especially in young girls.
- Anorexia is more common in girls and women. However, boys and men have increasingly developed eating disorders, possibly related to increasing social pressures.
- Anorexia is also more common in teenagers. Still, people of any age can develop this eating disorder, although it is rare in people over 40. Teenagers may be at higher risk due to all of the changes in their bodies during puberty. They may also face increased peer pressure and be more sensitive to criticism or even occasional comments about body weight or shape. Anorexia nervosa Treatment in Nizamabad
Some factors increase your risk of anorexia, including:
Genetically. Changes in certain genes can put some people at higher risk of anorexia. Those who have a first-degree relative – a parent, sibling, or child – who have the disorder are at a much higher risk of anorexia.
Diet and starve. Dieting is a risk factor for developing an eating disorder. There is strong evidence that many symptoms of anorexia are actually symptoms of hunger. Hunger affects the brain and affects mood swings, stiff thinking, anxiety, and decreased appetite. Hunger and weight loss can alter and cause brain function in vulnerable people.