Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes extreme mood swings, which include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).
- When you become depressed you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or enjoyment in most activities. If your mood changes to mania or hypomania (less extreme than mania) you may feel euphoric, energetic, or unusually irritable. These mood swings can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior, and the ability to think clearly.
- Mood swings episodes may occur infrequently or several times a year. Although most people experience emotional symptoms between episodes, some may not experience any.
- Although bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, you can manage your mood swings and other symptoms by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder is treated with medication and psychological counseling (psychotherapy).
There are several types of bipolar and related disorders. They can include mania or hypomania and depression. Symptoms can cause unpredictable changes in mood and behavior, leading to stress and significant difficulties in life.
- Bipolar I disorder. You have had at least one manic episode, possibly preceded or followed by major hypomanic or depressive episodes. In some cases, mania can trigger a break with reality (psychosis).
- Bipolar disorder II. You have had at least one depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but you have never had a manic episode.
- Cyclothymic disorder. You’ve had at least two years – or a year in children and adolescents – with many periods of hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms (although not as severe as major depression).
- Other kinds. These include, for example, bipolar and related disorders caused by certain drugs or alcohol, or due to a medical condition such as Cushing’s disease, multiple sclerosis, or stroke.Bipolar disorder Treatment Nizamabad
The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but several factors can be involved, such as:
Biological differences. People with bipolar disorder seem to have physical changes in the brain. The meaning of these changes is still uncertain, but it may help identify the causes.
Genetically. Bipolar disorder is more common in people who have a first-degree relative such as a sibling or relative with the disease. Researchers are trying to find genes that could be involved in bipolar disorder.
Factors that may increase your risk of developing bipolar disorder or trigger the first episode include:
Do you have a first-degree relative, e. B. a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder
Times of high stress, such as the death of a loved one or some other traumatic event
Drug or alcohol abuse.Bipolar disorder Treatment Nizamabad
There is no surefire way to prevent bipolar disorder. However, treating them at the first sign of a mental disorder can help keep bipolar disorder or other mental health problems from getting worse.
- If you’ve been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, there are a few strategies you can use to prevent minor symptoms from turning into full-blown episodes of mania or depression:
- Pay attention to the warning signs. Treating symptoms early can prevent the episodes from getting worse. You may have identified a pattern of your bipolar episodes and what triggers them. Call your doctor if you feel like you are going through an episode of depression or mania. Involve your family or friends in monitoring for warning signs
Avoid drugs and alcohol. Using alcohol or drugs can make your symptoms worse and make them more likely to come back.Bipolar disorder Treatment Nizamabad