Anatomy of the female urinary system
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Bladder cancer is a common cancer that starts in the cells of the bladder. The bladder is a hollow muscle organ in the lower abdomen that stores urine.
- Bladder cancer often starts in the cells (urothelial cells) that line the inside of your bladder. Urothelial cells are also located in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect the kidneys to the bladder. Urothelial cancer can also occur in the kidneys and ureters, but is much more common in the bladder.
- Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancer can recur after successful treatment. Because of this, people with bladder cancer typically need years of follow-up after treatment to check for any recurrent bladder cancer.Bladder cancer Treatment Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer can include:
- Blood in the urine (hematuria), which can make the urine appear bright red or cola, although the urine sometimes looks normal and a laboratory test shows that there is blood
- Frequent urination
- Painful urination
- Back pain
Tumor on the bladder wall
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Bladder cancer begins when cells in the bladder develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do. The changes cause the cell to multiply quickly and continue to live when healthy cells die. The abnormal cells form a tumor that can invade and destroy normal body tissue. Over time, the abnormal cells can break off and spread (metastasize) throughout the body.Bladder cancer Treatment Hyderabad
Factors that can increase your risk of bladder cancer include:
Smoke. Smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes can increase your risk of bladder cancer by building up harmful chemicals in your urine. When you smoke, your body converts the chemicals in the smoke and excretes some of them in your urine. These harmful chemicals can damage the lining of your bladder, which can increase your risk of cancer.
Increased age. The risk of bladder cancer increases with age. Although it can appear at any age, most people diagnosed with bladder cancer are over 55 years old.
Be a man. Men are more likely to develop bladder cancer than women.
While there is no guaranteed way to prevent bladder cancer, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk. For example:
- Do not smoke. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you smoke, talk to your doctor about a plan to help you quit. Support groups, medication, and other methods can help you quit.
- Watch out for chemicals. When working with chemicals, follow all safety precautions to avoid exposure.
- Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables. Choose a diet that is rich in colorful fruits and vegetables.Bladder cancer Treatment Hyderabad