A broken nose, also called a broken nose or broken nose, is a fracture or a tear in the bone or cartilage of your nose. These fractures usually occur at the bridge of the nose or in the septum, the area that divides the nostrils.
What causes a broken nose?
A sudden blow to the nose is the most common cause of breakage. The broken nose often occurs in other injuries of the face or neck. Common causes of broken nose are:
- to go in a wall
- be hit on the nose during a contact sports
- Accidents with motor vehicles
- be hit or hit on the nose
How can you tell if your nose is broken?
Symptoms of a broken nose are:
- Pain in or around the nose
- a crooked or crooked nose
- swollen nose or swelling around the nose, which may or may not be
- A stuffy nose that does not leak, which may mean that your nasal passages are blocked
- bruises on the nose and eyes, which usually disappear after two to three days
- Rubbing or shrieking while moving the nose
Symptoms requiring immediate medical attention
Call 108 or seek medical attention immediately if you break your nose and have any of the following symptoms:
- Your nose is bleeding heavily and will not stop.
- You have a clear drainage fluid from the nose.
- You have breathing problems.
- Her nose looks crooked or misshapen. (Do not try to stretch your nose yourself.)
- If you think you have a head or neck injury, do not move to avoid further damage.
Who is in danger of a broken nose?
Everyone can have an accident, so anyone can break their noses at some point in their lives. However, some activities may increase the risk of a nasal fracture.
People who do sports run the risk of breaking their noses. Some contact sports include:
- martial Arts
- Other activities that may endanger you are:
to be involved in physical changes
Driving in a motor vehicle, especially if you do not wear a seatbelt
- Ski and snowboard
- Higher risk groups
Some groups automatically have a higher risk of breaking their noses, regardless of their participation in sports or other physical activities. They are children and older adults. Bone health is of particular concern to both groups and is therefore common among them.
Children are at higher risk for nasal fractures as they still develop bone mass. Toddlers and toddlers are vulnerable.
During sports and physical activities, the appropriate equipment must always be worn.
How do I diagnose a broken nose?
Your doctor can usually diagnose a broken nose by performing a physical exam. It involves looking at and touching the nose and face. If you have severe pain, your doctor may require local anesthesia.
Your doctor may ask you to return within two or three days once the swelling has cleared and you can better identify your injury. X-Ray or CT If your nose injury seems to be serious or different from the facial injury. They can help determine the extent of damage to the nose and face.
How do you treat a broken nose?
Depending on your symptoms, you may need immediate medical attention.
First aid at home
If you have symptoms that require immediate medical attention, you can do certain things at home before consulting your doctor:
- If your nose is bleeding, sit and lean forward while breathing through the mouth. In this way, the blood does not flow into the throat.
- If you do not bleed, raise your head to relieve stabbing pain.
- To reduce puffiness, apply a cold compress or washcloth to your nose three or four times a day for 15 to 20 minutes.
- Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) to relieve the pain.
- This is ideal if the trauma is present. Often people do not realize that they are affected by a facial injury and a broken nose. It is easier to repair a broken or broken nose within two weeks of the injury. After a nasal injury, it is important that your doctor checks if the septum (the separation space in your nose) is damaged. Blood can accumulate in the septum, a situation that needs to be treated urgently.