Central sleep apnea is a disorder in which your breathing stops and starts again several times while you sleep.
- Central sleep apnea occurs because your brain isn’t sending appropriate signals to the muscles that control your breathing. This condition is different from obstructive sleep apnea, in which you cannot breathe normally due to an obstruction in your upper airways. Central sleep apnea is less common than obstructive sleep apnea.
- Central sleep apnea can occur due to other conditions such as heart failure and stroke. Sleeping at high altitudes can also cause central sleep apnea.
- Treatments for central sleep apnea may include treating existing medical conditions, using a breathing aid device, or using supplemental oxygen.Central sleep apnea Treatment Hyderabad
Common signs and symptoms of central sleep apnea are:Central sleep apnea Treatment Hyderabad
- Observed episodes of shortness of breath or difficulty breathing during sleep
- Abrupt awakening accompanied by shortness of breath
- Shortness of breath relieved by sitting
- Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
- Excessive sleepiness during the day (hypersomnia)
- Chest pain at night
- Difficulty concentrating
- Mood swings
- Morning headache
- Low load tolerance
Central sleep apnea occurs when your brain doesn’t send signals to your breathing muscles.
- Central sleep apnea can be caused by a number of conditions that affect the ability of your brainstem – which connects your brain to your spinal cord and controls many functions such as heart rate and breathing – to control your breathing.
- The cause depends on the type of central sleep apnea. The types include:
- Cheyne-Stokes is breathing. This type of central sleep apnea is most commonly associated with heart failure or stroke.
- Cheyne-Stokes breathing is characterized by a gradual increase and then a decrease in breathing power and airflow. A complete lack of air circulation (central sleep apnea) can occur during the weakest breathing effort.
- Drug-induced apnea. Taking certain medications such as opioids – including morphine (Ms. Contin, Kadian, others), oxycodone (Roxicodon, Oxycontin, others), or codeine – can cause irregular breathing, regular ascending and descending, or temporary interruption.
Regular breathing at high altitudes. A Cheyne-Stokes breathing pattern can occur when exposed to very high altitudes. The change in oxygen at this altitude causes rapid breathing (hyperventilation) and underbreathing to alternate.Central sleep apnea Treatment Hyderabad
There are certain factors that put you at increased risk for central sleep apnea:
- Sex. Men are more likely to develop central sleep apnea than women.
- Age. Central sleep apnea is more common in older adults, especially adults over 65 years of age, possibly because they have other conditions or sleep patterns that are more likely to cause central sleep apnea.
- Heart disease. People with an irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation) or whose heart muscles do not pump enough blood for the body’s needs (heart failure) are at higher risk of central sleep apnea.
- Stroke, brain tumor, or structural damage to the brain stem. These brain conditions can affect the brain’s ability to regulate breathing.
- High altitude. Sleeping at a higher altitude than you are used to can increase your risk of sleep apnea. High altitude sleep apnea is no longer a problem for a few weeks after returning to a lower altitude.Central sleep apnea Treatment Hyderabad