Chagas disease (CHAH-gus) is an inflammatory infectious disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This parasite is found in the feces of the triatomic beetle (Reduviid). This mistake is also known as the “kiss mistake”. Chagas disease is widespread in South America, Central America, and Mexico, with the triatoma bug being the main focus. Rare cases of Chagas disease have also been found in the southern United States.
- Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, can infect anyone. If left untreated, Chagas disease can cause serious heart and digestive problems.
- During the acute phase of infection, treatment for Chagas disease focuses on getting rid of the parasite. In people with chronic Chagas disease, it is no longer possible to kill the parasite. Treatment at this later stage involves treating the signs and symptoms. You can also take steps to prevent infection.Chagas disease Treatment Hyderabad
Chagas disease can cause short and sudden illness (acute) or long-term illness (chronic). Symptoms range from mild to severe, although many people do not experience symptoms until the chronic stage.Chagas disease Treatment Hyderabad
- Acute phase
The acute phase of Chagas disease, which lasts for weeks or months, is often asymptomatic. When signs and symptoms do appear, they are usually mild and can include:
- Swelling at the site of infection
Swelling of the eyelids
The cause of Chagas disease is the Trypanosoma cruzi parasite, which is spread from an insect known as the triatomic beetle or “kiss bug”. These insects can become infected with this parasite if they ingest the blood of an animal infected with the parasite.
Eating raw foods that are contaminated with insect droppings infected with the parasite
Born to someone infected with the parasite
Received a blood transfusion or organ transplant from someone infected with the parasite
Accidentally being exposed to the parasite while working in a laboratory
Spend time in a forest with infected wildlife such as raccoons and possums
The following factors can increase your risk of Chagas disease:
Live in poor rural areas in Central America, South America, and Mexico
Living in a residence that contains triatomic bedbugs
Receive a blood transfusion or organ transplant from someone with the infection
If you live in an area that is at high risk for Chagas disease, these steps can help you prevent infection:
- Avoid sleeping in a mud, thatch, or adobe house. These types of residences are more likely to harbor triatomic bedbugs.
- Use an insecticide-soaked net on your bed if you sleep in thatched, muddy, or adobe houses.
- Use insecticides to remove insects from your home.
- Use insect repellant on exposed skin.Chagas disease Treatment Hyderabad