Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is the degeneration of the brain that may be caused by repeated head trauma. CTE is a diagnosis that is only made by examining sections of the brain at autopsy.
- CTE is a very rare disease that is not yet well understood. CTE is not related to the immediate aftermath of a late episode of head trauma. CTE has a complex relationship with head injuries such as post-concussion syndrome and second-impact syndrome, which occur earlier in life.
- Experts are still trying to understand how repeated head injuries – including the number of head injuries and the severity of those injuries – and other factors can contribute to the changes in the brain that lead to CTE.
No specific symptoms were clearly associated with the CTE. Some of the possible signs and symptoms of CTE can occur under many other conditions, but the few people with proven CTE include:
- Difficulty thinking (cognitive impairment)
- Impulsive behavior
- Depression or apathy
- Loss of short term memory
- Difficulties in planning and carrying out tasks (managerial function)
- Emotional instability
- Substance abuse
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior
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Repeated head injuries are likely the cause of CTE. Soccer and ice hockey players and military personnel serving in war zones have been the focus of most of the CTE’s studies, although other sports and factors such as physical violence can also occur. Repeated head trauma.Chronic traumatic encephalopathy Treatment Hyderabad
- However, not all athletes and not all who have had recurrent concussions, including military personnel, develop a CTE. Some studies have not shown an increased incidence of CTE in people who have been exposed to repeated head injuries.
- It is believed that CTE causes areas of the brain to be wasted (atrophy). Injuries to the section of nerve cells that conduct electrical impulses affect communication between cells.
The main risk factor for chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is believed to be recurrent head trauma. However, experts are still learning about the risk factors for CTE.
There is no treatment for CTE. However, CTE is preventable as it has been linked to recurrent concussions. People who have had a concussion are more likely to have a different head injury. The current recommendation for the prevention of CTE is to reduce minor traumatic brain injuries and prevent further injuries after a concussion.Chronic traumatic encephalopathy Treatment Hyderabad