- Coronary artery disease occurs when the main blood vessels that supply your heart are damaged or sick. Coronary artery disease containing cholesterol (plaques) and inflammation are usually responsible for coronary artery disease.
- The coronary arteries supply your heart with blood, oxygen, and nutrients. Plaque build-up can narrow these arteries, which in turn reduces blood flow to your heart. Finally, the decreased blood flow can cause chest pain (angina pectoris), shortness of breath, or other signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack.
- Because coronary artery disease often develops over decades, you may not notice a problem until you have a severe blockage or a heart attack. However, there are steps you can take to prevent and treat coronary artery disease. A healthy lifestyle can have a huge impact. Coronary artery disease Treatment in Hyderabad
When your coronary arteries constrict, they cannot supply enough oxygen-rich blood to your heart, especially when it is beating heavily, e.g. B. during exercise. At first, the decreased blood flow may not cause symptoms. However, if plaque continues to build up in your coronary arteries, the following signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease may occur:
Chest pain (angina pectoris). You may feel pressure or tightness in your chest, as if someone is standing on your chest. This pain, called angina, usually occurs in the center or left of the chest. Angina is usually triggered by physical or emotional stress. The pain usually goes away within a few minutes of stopping the stressful activity. For some people, especially women, the pain can be short or sharp and it can be felt in the neck, arm, or back.
Shortness of breath. If your heart cannot pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs, you may experience difficulty breathing or extreme fatigue during activity.
Heart attack. A completely blocked coronary artery causes a heart attack. Classic signs and symptoms of a heart attack are pressure in the chest and pain in the shoulder or arm, sometimes accompanied by shortness of breath and sweating. Coronary artery disease Treatment in Hyderabad
- Development of atherosclerosis
- Development of atherosclerosis Open contextual dialogue
- Coronary artery disease is believed to begin with damage or injury to the inner layer of a coronary artery, sometimes as early as childhood. Damage can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Arterial hypertension
- High cholesterol
- Diabetes or insulin resistance
- Not being active (sedentary lifestyle)
- Once the inner wall of an artery is damaged, deposits of fat (plaque) made up of cholesterol and other cellular debris tend to build up at the site of the injury. This process is known as atherosclerosis. When the surface of the plaque breaks or tears, blood cells called platelets clump together in the area to repair the artery. This lump can block the artery and lead to a heart attack. Coronary artery disease Treatment in Hyderabad
Risk factors for coronary artery disease include:
Age. Aging increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries.
Sex. Men are generally at greater risk of coronary artery disease. However, the risk for women increases after menopause.
Family history. A family history of heart disease is associated with a higher risk of coronary heart disease, especially if a close relative developed heart disease at an early age. Your risk is highest if your father or brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55, or if your mother or sister developed it before age 65.
Smoke. People who smoke have a significantly increased risk of heart disease. Inhaling secondhand smoke also increases the risk of coronary artery disease.
Arterial hypertension. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause your arteries to harden and thicken, and narrow the channel through which blood can flow.
High blood cholesterol. High cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of plaque buildup and arteriosclerosis. High cholesterol can be caused by high-low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, known as “bad” cholesterol.