- Cyclic vomiting syndrome is characterized by episodes of severe vomiting for no apparent cause. Episodes can last hours or days and alternate with periods without symptoms. The episodes are similar, meaning that they tend to start at the same time of day, last the same length of time, and come with the same symptoms and intensity.
- Cyclic vomiting syndrome occurs in all age groups, although it often starts in children between the ages of 3 and 7 years. Although it is more common in children, the number of cases diagnosed in adults is increasing.
- The syndrome is difficult to diagnose because vomiting is a symptom of many medical conditions. Treatment often involves lifestyle changes to prevent events that can trigger vomiting. Medications, including nausea and migraine therapies, can help relieve symptoms. Cyclic vomiting syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
Symptoms of cyclic vomiting syndrome often start in the morning. Signs and symptoms are:
- Three or more recurring vomits that start at about the same time and last a similar length of time
- Variable intervals of generally normal health with no nausea between episodes
- Severe nausea and sweating before the beginning of an episode
- Other signs and symptoms during a vomiting episode may include:
- stomach pain
- a headache
- Gagging or gagging
The underlying cause of cyclic vomiting syndrome is unknown. Some possible ones are genes, digestive problems, nervous system problems, and hormonal imbalances. Certain episodes of vomiting can be triggered by:
- Colds, allergies, or sinus problems
- Emotional stress or excitement, especially in children
- Anxiety or panic attacks, especially in adults
- Certain foods and beverages such as alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, or cheese
- Eating too much, eating just before bed, or fasting
- Warm weather
- Physical exhaustion
- Exercising too much
- travel sickness
- The relationship between migraines and cyclical vomiting is unclear. But many children with cyclical vomiting have a family history of migraines or develop migraines themselves as they get older. In adults, the association between cyclic vomiting and migraines may be weaker.
- Chronic use of marijuana (Cannabis sativa) has also been linked to cyclical vomiting syndrome, as some people use marijuana to relieve nausea. Chronic marijuana use, however, can lead to a condition called cannabis hyperemesis syndrome, which usually results in persistent vomiting with no normal periods in between. People with this syndrome often show frequent showering or bathing behavior.
- Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome can be confused with cyclic vomiting syndrome. To rule out cannabis hyperemesis syndrome, stop using marijuana for at least a week or two to see if the vomiting subsides. If not, your doctor will continue to test for cyclic vomiting syndrome. Cyclic vomiting syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad
- Many people know what triggers their episodes of cyclic vomiting. Avoiding these triggers can reduce the frequency of episodes. Although you can be comfortable between episodes, it is very important that you take all of the medications your doctor has prescribed.
- If the episodes happen more than once a month or if hospitalization is required, your doctor may recommend preventive medicines such as amitriptyline, propranolol (Inderal), cyproheptadine, and topiramate.
Lifestyle changes can also help, including:
- Get enough sleep
- For children, minimize the importance of upcoming events as excitement can be a trigger
- Avoid trigger foods like alcohol, caffeine, cheese, and chocolate
- Eat small meals and low-fat snacks regularly every day. Cyclic vomiting syndrome Treatment in Hyderabad