Cystitis (sis-TIE-tis) is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Most often, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection called a urinary tract infection (UTI). Cystitis can be painful, bothersome, and become a serious health problem if the infection spreads to your kidneys.
- More rarely, cystitis may occur in response to certain medications, radiation therapy, or potential irritants such as feminine hygiene sprays, spermicidal jellies, or long-term use of a catheter. Cystitis can also occur as a complication of another disease.
- Antibiotics are the common treatment for bacterial cystitis. Treating other types of cystitis depends on the underlying cause.Cystitis Treatment Hyderabad
Common signs and symptoms of a bladder infection are:
- A strong and persistent need to urinate
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Frequently passing small amounts of urine
- Blood in the urine (hematuria)
- Cloudy or strong smelling urine
- Pelvic discomfort
- A feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen
- Light fever
Anatomy of the female urinary system
Female Urinary System Open popup dialog Male Urinary System Anatomy
Open Male Urinary System Pop-up Dialog
Your urinary system includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. All of them play a role in removing waste from your body. Your kidneys – a pair of bean-shaped organs located at the back of your upper abdomen – filter waste products from your blood and regulate the levels of many substances. Ureter tubes carry urine from your kidneys to the bladder, where it is stored until it leaves your body through the urethra.Cystitis Treatment Hyderabad
Some people are more likely than others to develop bladder infections or recurring urinary tract infections. Women are one of those groups. One of the main reasons is the physical anatomy. Women have a shorter urethra, which reduces the distance bacteria have to travel to reach the bladder.
The women most at risk of developing urinary tract infections include those who:
- Are sexually active. Sex can cause bacteria to enter the urethra.
- Use certain types of contraception. Women who use diaphragms are at increased risk of urinary tract infections. Membranes that contain spermicidal agents further increase your risk.
- Are pregnant. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can increase your risk of developing a bladder infection.
- Have had menopause. Changes in hormone levels in postmenopausal women are often linked to urinary tract infections.Cystitis Treatment Hyderabad
Cranberry juice or tablets that contain proanthocyanidin are often recommended to reduce the risk of recurrent cystitis in some women. However, research in this area is contradicting itself. Some smaller studies have shown slight benefit, but larger studies have found no significant benefit.
- Avoid cranberry juice as a home remedy if you are taking the blood-thinning drug warfarin (Coumadin). Potential interactions between cranberry juice and warfarin can cause bleeding.
- Although these preventive self-care measures haven’t been well researched, doctors sometimes recommend the following for recurrent bladder infections:
- Drink plenty of fluids, especially water. Drinking plenty of fluids is especially important if you are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy, especially on treatment days.
Urinate frequently. If you feel the need to urinate, don’t hesitate to use the bathroom.Cystitis Treatment Hyderabad