Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluids than you absorb and your body does not have enough water and other fluids to perform its normal functions. If you don’t replace lost fluids, you will become dehydrated.
- Anyone can become dehydrated, but the condition is especially dangerous for young children and older adults.
- The most common cause of dehydration in young children is severe diarrhea and vomiting. Older people naturally have a lower volume of water in their bodies and may suffer from conditions or take medications that increase the risk of dehydration.
- This means that even minor illnesses such as infections of the lungs or bladder can lead to dehydration in the elderly.
- Dehydration can also occur in any age group if you don’t drink enough water in hot weather, especially if you exercise vigorously.
- Usually, you can reverse mild to moderate dehydration by drinking more fluids. However, severe dehydration requires immediate medical attention.Dehydration treatment hyderabad
Thirst is not always a reliable early indicator of the body’s need for water. Many people, especially the elderly, do not feel thirsty until they are already dehydrated. That is why it is important to increase water consumption in hot weather or illness.Dehydration treatment hyderabad
Signs and symptoms of dehydration can also vary by age.
Infant or toddler
Dry your mouth and tongue
No tears when you cry
No wet diapers for three hours
Sometimes dehydration occurs for simple reasons: You don’t drink enough because you’re sick or busy, or because you don’t have access to clean water while traveling, hiking, or camping.Dehydration treatment hyderabad
Other causes of dehydration include:
- Diarrhea, vomiting. Severe, acute diarrhea – ie sudden and violent diarrhea – can lead to a considerable loss of water and electrolytes within a short period of time. If you vomit along with diarrhea, you will lose even more fluids and minerals.
- Fever. In general, the higher your fever, the more dehydrated you can become. The problem gets worse if you have a fever in addition to diarrhea and vomiting.
- Heavy sweating. You lose water when you sweat. If you exercise vigorously and don’t replace fluids on the go, you can become dehydrated. Hot, humid weather increases the amount of sweat and the amount of fluid you lose.
Anyone can become dehydrated, but some people are at higher risk:
- Infants and children. The group most likely to experience severe diarrhea and vomiting, infants and children, are particularly prone to dehydration. They have a larger surface than a volume surface and also lose a larger proportion of their fluids due to a high fever or burns. Little children often cannot tell you that they are thirsty, nor can they have a drink on their own.
- Seniors. As you age, your body becomes less hydrated, your ability to hold water decreases, and your feeling of thirst becomes less acute. These problems are exacerbated by chronic diseases such as diabetes and dementia and the use of certain medications. Elderly people may also have mobility problems that limit their ability to obtain water for themselves.
- People with chronic diseases. Uncontrolled or untreated diabetes carries a high risk of dehydration. Kidney disease also increases your risk, as do drugs that increase urination. Even if you have a cold or a sore throat, you are more prone to dehydration because you are less likely to want to eat or drink when you are sick.Dehydration treatment hyderabad
Dehydration can lead to serious complications, including:Dehydration treatment hyderabad
- Heat injury. Not drinking plenty of fluids, exercising vigorously and sweating profusely can result in a heat injury ranging from mild heat cramps to heat exhaustion or heat exhaustion.
- Urinary and kidney problems. Prolonged or repeated episodes of dehydration can cause urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and even kidney failure.
- Seizures. Electrolytes – like potassium and soda