Diphtheria treatment in hyderabad

overview

Diphtheria can be treated with medication. However, at an advanced stage, diphtheria can damage the heart, kidneys, and nervous system. Even during treatment, diphtheria can be fatal, especially in children. Diphtheria treatment in Nizamabad

symptom

Signs and symptoms of diphtheria usually begin two to five days after a person is infected and can include:

The reasons

Diphtheria is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. The bacteria usually multiply on or near the surface of the throat. C. diphtheriae is spread by:

Droplets in the air. When an infected person’s sneeze or cough releases a mist of contaminated droplets, people nearby may breathe C. diphtheriae. Diphtheria can be spread easily this way, especially in crowded conditions.
Contaminated personal or household items. People sometimes get diphtheria when handling things from an infected person, such as used tissues or towels, that may be contaminated with the bacteria. You can also transmit the bacteria that cause diphtheria by touching an infected wound. Diphtheria treatment in Nizamabad

Risk factors

Complications

If left untreated, diphtheria can cause:

Difficulty breathing. The bacteria that cause diphtheria can produce a toxin. This toxin damages the tissues in the immediate area of ​​infection – usually in the nose and throat. At this point, the infection creates a tough, gray membrane made up of dead cells, bacteria, and other substances. This membrane can interfere with breathing.
Heart damage. Diphtheria toxin can spread into your bloodstream and damage other tissues in your body, such as the heart muscle, causing complications such as inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis). Heart damage from myocarditis can be mild or severe. In the worst case, myocarditis can lead to heart failure and sudden death.
Nerve damage. The toxin can also cause nerve damage. Typical targets are the nerves in the throat, where poor nerve conduction can lead to swallowing difficulties. The nerves in the arms and legs can also become inflamed, causing muscle weakness.

When the diphtheria toxin damages the nerves that help control the muscles used to breathe, these muscles can become paralyzed. At this point, you may need mechanical assistance to breathe.

prevention

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