The Ebola virus and Marburg virus are related viruses that can cause hemorrhagic fever. These are characterized by profuse bleeding (bleeding), organ failure and, in many cases, death. Both viruses come from Africa, where sporadic epidemics have been occurring for decades.
Ebola virus and Marburg virus live in host animals. Humans can catch viruses from infected animals. After the initial transmission, viruses can spread from person to person through contact with body fluids or contaminated objects such as infected needles.
No drugs have been approved to treat the Ebola virus or the Marburg virus. People diagnosed with Ebola or Marburg virus receive supportive treatment and treatment for complications. A vaccine has been approved for the Ebola virus. Scientists are studying other vaccines against these deadly diseases. Ebola virus and Marburg virus Treatment in Nizamabad
Signs and symptoms usually start abruptly within five to 10 days of being infected with the Ebola or Marburg virus. The first signs and symptoms are:
- Strong headache
- Joint and muscle pain
- Over time, symptoms become more severe and may include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Diarrhea (can be bloody)
- Red eyes
- Increased rash
- Chest pain and cough
The Ebola virus has been found in African monkeys, chimpanzees, and other non-human primates. A milder strain of Ebola has been found in monkeys and pigs in the Philippines.
The Marburg virus was found in monkeys, chimpanzees and fruit bats in Africa. Ebola virus and Marburg virus Treatment in Nizamabad
Transmission from animals to humans
Experts suspect that both viruses are transmitted to humans through the body fluids of an infected animal. Examples include:
Blood. Killing or eating infected animals can spread viruses. Scientists who operated on infected animals as part of their research have also contracted the virus.
For most people, the risk of contracting the Ebola virus or the Marburg virus is low. Your risk increases if you:
- Trip to africa. You are at an increased risk if you travel or work in areas where Ebola or Marburg viruses have emerged.
- Do animal research. People are more likely to get Ebola or Marburg viruses when they conduct animal experiments with monkeys imported from Africa or the Philippines.
- Provide medical or personal assistance. Family members are often infected when they are caring for sick relatives. Medical personnel can also become infected if they do not use special personal protective equipment to cover them from head to toe.
Prevention aims to avoid contact with viruses. The following precautions can help prevent Ebola virus and Marburg virus infection and spread.
- Avoid areas with known breakouts. Before traveling to Africa, find out about current epidemics on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
- Wash your hands frequently. As with other infectious diseases, frequent hand washing is one of the most important preventive measures. Use soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol if soap and water are not available.
- Avoid bush meat. In developing countries, avoid buying or consuming wildlife, including non-human primates that are sold in local markets.
- Avoid contact with infected people. In particular, caregivers should avoid contact with body fluids and tissues of an infected person, including blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and saliva. Also, avoid clothing, bedding, or other objects that may have touched them. People with Ebola virus or Marburg virus are most contagious in the later stages of the disease. Ebola virus and Marburg virus Treatment in Nizamabad