- Elevated thyroid related to Graves’ disease
- Enlarged Thyroid Open popup dialog box
- A goiter (GOI-tur) is an abnormal enlargement of your thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is located at the base of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple. Although goiter is usually painless, a large goiter can cause a cough and prevent you from swallowing or breathing. Enlarged thyroid Treatment in Hyderabad
The number one cause of goiter in the world is dietary iodine deficiency. In the United States, where the use of iodized salt is common, a goiter is most often due to the over- or under-production of thyroid hormones or nodules in the gland itself.
Not every goiter causes signs and symptoms. When signs and symptoms appear, they can include:
- Swelling at the base of your neck, especially noticeable when you shave or apply makeup
- A feeling of tightness in the throat
- to cough
- difficulties swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
- Pituitary gland and hypothalamus
- Pituitary and Hypothalamus Open popup dialog
- Your thyroid produces two main hormones: thyroxine (T-4) and triiodothyronine (T-3). These hormones circulate in your bloodstream and help regulate your metabolism. They maintain the rate at which your body uses fats and carbohydrates, control your body temperature, affect your heart rate, and help regulate protein production.
Your thyroid also makes calcitonin – a hormone that helps regulate the amount of calcium in your blood.
Your pituitary and hypothalamus control the rate at which T-4 and T-3 are produced and released.
Goiter can affect anyone. They can be present at birth and occur at any time in life. Some common risk factors for goiter include:
- A lack of iodine in the diet. People who live in areas where iodine is scarce and who do not have access to iodine supplements are at high risk of goiter.
- Be a woman. Since women are more prone to thyroid disease, they are also more likely to develop goiter.
- Your age. Goiter is more common after 40 years.
- Medical background. A personal or family history of autoimmune disease increases your risk.
- Pregnancy and menopause. For reasons that are not entirely clear, thyroid problems are more likely to occur during pregnancy and during menopause. Enlarged thyroid Treatment in Hyderabad