- Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of consciousness.
- Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects both men and women of all races, races, and ages.
- The symptoms of a seizure can vary widely. Some people with epilepsy simply stare into space for a few seconds during a seizure while others repeatedly shake their arms or legs. Just having one seizure doesn’t mean you have epilepsy. A diagnosis of epilepsy usually requires at least two unprovoked seizures. Epilepsy Treatment in Hyderabad
Because epilepsy is caused by abnormal activity in the brain, seizures can affect any process coordinated by your brain. The signs and symptoms of a seizure can include:
- Temporary confusion
- A magic look
- Uncontrollable jerky movements of the arms and legs
- Loss of consciousness or loss of consciousness
- Psychological symptoms such as fear, restlessness or deja vu
- Epilepsy has no identifiable cause in around half of the people with the disease. In the other half, the condition can be attributed to a variety of factors including:
- Genetic influence. Certain types of epilepsy, classified according to the type of seizure you have or the part of the brain that is affected, are grouped together as families. In these cases a genetic influence is likely.
- Researchers have linked certain types of epilepsy to certain genes, but for most people, genes are only part of the cause of epilepsy. Certain genes can make a person more sensitive to environmental conditions that trigger seizures.
- Head trauma. Head trauma from a car accident or other traumatic injury can cause epilepsy.
Brain conditions. Brain diseases that damage the brain, such as brain tumors or stroke, can cause epilepsy. Stroke is a leading cause of epilepsy in adults over the age of 35.
Some factors can increase your risk of epilepsy:
Age. Epilepsy is more common in children and older adults, but the disease can appear at any age.
Family history. If you have a family history of epilepsy, you may be at increased risk of developing seizure disorders.
Head injuries. Head injuries are responsible for some cases of epilepsy. You can reduce your risk by wearing a seat belt while driving and wearing a helmet while cycling, skiing, motorcycling, or other activities with a high risk of injury.
Stroke and other vascular diseases. Strokes and other blood vessel (vessel) disorders can cause brain damage that can trigger epilepsy. There are a number of things you can do to reduce your risk for these diseases, including limiting your alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly.
Dementia. Dementia can increase the risk of epilepsy in the elderly. Epilepsy Epilepsy Treatment in Hyderabad