emolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a condition that can occur when the small blood vessels in your kidneys are damaged and inflamed. This damage can lead to the formation of blood clots. The clots block the kidney’s filtration system and lead to kidney failure, which can be life-threatening.
Anyone can develop HUS, but it’s more common in young children. In many cases, HUS is caused by infection with certain strains of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. The first symptom of this form of HUS is diarrhea lasting several days, which is often but not always bloody.
HUS can also be caused by other infections, certain medications, or illnesses such as pregnancy, cancer, or an autoimmune disease. In some cases, HUS is the result of certain genetic mutations. These forms of HUS do not usually cause diarrhea. .
HUS is a serious illness. However, timely and adequate treatment usually leads to a full recovery for most people, especially young children. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of HUS can vary depending on the cause. Most cases of HUS are caused by infection with certain strains of E. coli bacteria that first affect the digestive tract.
The first signs and symptoms of this form of HUS may include:
- Diarrhea, often bloody
- Abdominal pain, cramps, or gas
- All forms of HUS, regardless of the cause, damage blood vessels. This damage causes red blood cells to break down (anemia), blood clots to form in the blood vessels, and kidney damage. The signs and symptoms of these changes include:
- Pale discoloration including loss of pink color in the cheeks and lower eyelids
- Extreme fatigue
- shortness of breath
The most common cause of HUS, especially in children under the age of 5, is infection with certain strains of E. coli bacteria. E. coli refers to a group of bacteria that are normally found in the intestines of healthy people and animals. Most of the hundreds of types of E. coli are normal and harmless. But some strains of E. coli cause diarrhea.
Some of the strains of E. coli that cause diarrhea also produce a toxin called shiga toxin. These strains are called Shiga toxin, which E. coli produces or STEC. When you are infected with a strain of STEC, the Shiga toxin can get into your bloodstream and damage your blood vessels, which can lead to HUS. But most people infected with E. coli, even the most dangerous strains, do not develop HUS.
Other causes of HUS can be:
Other infections, such as pneumococcal infections, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or influenza
The use of certain medicines, especially some medicines used to treat cancer and some medicines used to suppress the immune system of organ transplant recipients. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) Treatment in Hyderabad
The majority of HUS cases are caused by infection with certain strains of E. coli bacteria. Exposure to E. coli can occur if you:
- Eat contaminated meat or contaminated products
- Swim in pools or lakes that have been contaminated with feces
- Close contact with an infected person, for example with a family or in a daycare center.
Meat or products contaminated with E. coli do not necessarily look, smell, or smell unpleasant. To protect against E. coli infections and other foodborne diseases:
- Avoid unpasteurized milk, juice, and cider.
- Wash hands thoroughly before eating and after using the toilet and changing diapers.
- Clean utensils and food surfaces frequently.
- Cook the meat to an internal temperature of at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Thaw meat in the microwave or refrigerator.
- Keep raw foods separate from ready-to-eat foods. Do not put cooked meat on plates that have previously been contaminated with raw meat.
- Store meat under products in the refrigerator to reduce the risk of liquids such as blood spilling on the products.
- Avoid dirty swimming areas. Do not swim if you have diarrhea.