Keratitis is inflammation of the cornea – the clear, dome-shaped tissue on the front of the eye that covers the pupil and iris. Keratitis may or may not be related to infection. Non-infectious keratitis can be caused by a relatively minor injury, by wearing contact lenses for too long, or by a foreign object in the eye. Infectious keratitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Keratitis Treatment in Hyderabad
If you have eye redness or other symptoms of keratitis, make an appointment with your doctor. With immediate attention, mild to moderate cases of keratitis can usually be treated effectively without loss of vision. If left untreated or if the infection is severe, keratitis can lead to serious complications that can permanently damage your eyesight.
The signs and symptoms of keratitis are:
- Eye redness
- Eye pain
- Excessive tears or other discharge from your eye
- Difficulty opening the eyelid due to pain or irritation
- Blurred vision
- Decreased eyesight
The causes of keratitis are:
- Injury. If an object scratches or injures the surface of your cornea, it can lead to non-infectious keratitis. In addition, through injury, microorganisms can access the damaged cornea and cause infectious keratitis.
- Contaminated contact lenses. Bacteria, fungi or parasites – especially the microscopic acanthamoeba parasite – can inhabit the surface of a contact lens or a contact lens carrying case. The cornea can become contaminated with the lens in your eye, resulting in infectious keratitis. Excessive wear of your contact lenses can lead to keratitis, which can become contagious.
- Virus. Herpes viruses (herpes simplex and herpes zoster) can cause keratitis.
- Bacteria. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can cause keratitis. Keratitis Treatment in Hyderabad
Factors that can increase your risk of keratitis include:
Contact lenses. Wearing contact lenses – especially sleeping in lenses – increases the risk of infectious and non-infectious keratitis. The risk is usually from wearing them longer than recommended, poorly disinfecting them, or wearing contact lenses while swimming.
Keratitis is more common in people who use durable contact lenses or who wear contact lenses all the time than in people who use contact lenses every day and take them out at night.
Reduced immunity. If your immune system is weakened from illness or medication, you are at greater risk of developing keratitis.
The possible complications of keratitis include:
- Chronic corneal inflammation and scarring
- Chronic or recurring viral infections of your cornea
- Open wounds on the cornea (corneal ulcers)
- Temporary or permanent impairment of your eyesight
Care of your contact lenses If you wear contact lenses, proper use, cleaning, and disinfection can help prevent keratitis. Follow these tips:
- Choose contact lenses that you plan to wear every day and take them out before bed.
- Wash, rinse, and dry your hands thoroughly before handling your contacts.
- Follow your eye doctor’s recommendations for the care of your lenses.
- Use only sterile products specifically designed for contact lens care and lens care products designed for the type of lenses you are wearing.
- Rub the lenses gently while cleaning to improve the cleaning performance of contact lens solutions. Avoid rough handling that could damage your lenses.
- Replace your contact lenses as recommended. Keratitis Treatment in Hyderabad