Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones.
The condition develops when your body cannot produce enough insulin. Insulin usually plays a key role in helping sugar (glucose) – an important source of energy for your muscles and other tissues – enter your cells. Without enough insulin, your body begins to break down fat for fuel. This process creates a buildup in the bloodstream of acids called ketones which, if left untreated, will eventually lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis, diabetic Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis often develop quickly, sometimes within 24 hours. For some, these signs and symptoms can be the first signs of diabetes. You can notice:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Nausea and vomiting
- stomach pain
- Weakness or tiredness
- shortness of breath
- Breath fragrant with fruit
Sugar is a primary source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and other tissues. Usually, insulin helps sugar get into your cells.
Without enough insulin, your body cannot properly use sugar for energy. This triggers the release of hormones that break down fat for fuel and produce acids called ketones. An excess of ketone bodies builds up in the blood and eventually ends up in the urine.
The risk of diabetic ketoacidosis is greatest if you:
- Have type 1 diabetes
- Often insulin doses are missing
- In rare cases, type 2 diabetes can develop diabetic ketoacidosis. In some cases, diabetic ketoacidosis can be the first sign of diabetes.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is treated with fluids, electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and chloride, and insulin. Perhaps surprisingly, the most common complications of diabetic ketoacidosis are associated with this life-saving treatment.
There is a lot you can do to help prevent diabetic ketoacidosis and other complications of diabetes.
- Make a Commitment to Managing Your Diabetes. Make healthy eating and physical activity part of your daily routine. Take oral diabetes medication or insulin as directed.
- Monitor your blood sugar levels. You may need to check and record your blood sugar at least three to four times a day or more when you are sick or under stress. Careful monitoring is the only way to ensure that your blood sugar levels stay within your target range.
- Adjust your insulin dose as needed. Talk to your doctor or healthcare team about how to adjust your insulin dose based on factors such as your blood sugar levels, your diet, your physical activity, and when you are sick. If your blood sugar starts to rise, follow your diabetes treatment plan to bring your blood sugar back into your target range. Ketoacidosis, diabetic Treatment in Hyderabad