Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney disease, describes the gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from your blood, which is then excreted in your urine. When chronic kidney disease reaches advanced stages, dangerous amounts of fluids, electrolytes, and waste can build up in your body.
Few signs or symptoms may appear in the early stages of chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease may not show up until your kidney function is seriously impaired.
Chronic kidney disease treatment aims to slow the progression of kidney damage, usually by controlling the underlying cause. Chronic kidney disease can lead to end-stage kidney disease that is fatal without artificial filtration (dialysis) or kidney transplantation. Kidney failure, chronic Treatment in Nizamabad
The signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease develop over time as the kidney damage slowly progresses. Signs and symptoms of kidney disease can include:
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Sleep disorder
- Changes in the amount of urine
Illustration shows a normal kidney versus a diseased kidney
Normal kidney or diseased kidney Open popup dialog Polycystic kidney compared to normal kidney
Polycystic KidneyOpen Pop-up Dialog
Chronic kidney disease occurs when a disease or condition interferes with kidney function and, while working, causes kidney damage for several months or years.
Diseases and conditions that cause chronic kidney disease include:
- Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes
- Arterial hypertension
Factors that can increase your risk of developing chronic kidney disease include:
- Arterial hypertension
- Heart and vascular diseases (cardiovascular diseases)
Chronic kidney disease can affect almost any part of your body. Possible complications can be:
Fluid retention, which can cause swelling of the arms and legs, high blood pressure or lung fluid (pulmonary edema)
A sudden increase in the level of potassium in your blood (hyperkalemia) which can affect the way your heart works and can be life-threatening
Heart and vascular diseases (cardiovascular diseases)
Weak bones and an increased risk of fractures
Decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, or decreased fertility
To reduce your risk of developing kidney disease:
- Follow the directions for over-the-counter medications. When using nonprescription pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, etc.), and acetaminophen (Tylenol, etc.), follow the directions on the package. Taking too many pain relievers can cause kidney damage and should generally be avoided if you have kidney disease. Ask your doctor whether these medicines are safe for you.
- Maintain a healthy weight. When you have a healthy weight work to maintain it by being physically active most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, talk to your doctor about healthy weight loss strategies. This often includes increasing daily physical activity and reducing calories. Kidney failure, chronic Treatment in Nizamabad