What is Arthroscopic Surgery?
Knee Arthroscopy surgery Jagtial– Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic or keyhole surgery) may be a minimally invasive surgery on a joint during which an examination and sometimes treatment of injury is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that’s inserted into the joint through alittle incision.
Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic or keyhole surgery) may be a minimally invasive surgery on a joint during which an examination and sometimes treatment of injury is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that’s inserted into the joint through alittle incision.
There also are risks specific to a knee arthroscopy, such as:
- bleeding inside the knee .
- formation of a grume within the leg.
- infection inside the joint.
- stiffness within the knee.
- injury or damage to the cartilage, ligaments, meniscus, blood vessels, or nerves of the knee.
- Reasons for Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
- Surgical Procedures.
- Causes of Pain.
- ACL Injury.
- Kneecap (Patella) Conditions.
- Knee Ligament Injuries.
- Knee Replacement Surgery.
- Meniscus Injuries.
- Hip Injuries.
General anesthesia: For complete sleep or unconsciousness.
Local anesthesia: For making knees numb
Regional anesthesia: For making the waist area numb
In case of local anesthesia, patients can watch the surgical procedure on the screen of a computer if they want to.
Methods/Techniques of Knee Arthroscopy
The process of knee arthroscopy usually takes at least 30 minutes for completion. It mostly depends on amount of surgical work required to be carried out by the surgeon inside the knee joint of the patient.
Small incisions will be made by the surgeon at the start of knee arthroscopy. After this, saline or sterile salt water is pumped inside for expanding the knees. An arthroscope enters inside one of the incisions made and surgeon can see inside with the help of camera attached. After identification of problem inside the knees, insertion of small instruments is carried out by the surgeon for correcting the trouble.
Methods of knee arthroscopy
After completion of surgical process, surgeon carries out drainage of saline from the joints of the patient. Once this is done, stitching of cuts is carried out.
Once the surgical process is completed, patients are taken to the recovery room. The operated knee is covered with a bandage. Bandage around the wound can be removed in 24 hours and waterproof dressings can be used to cover the wounds. Swelling is normal to observe post knee arthroscopy. Use of ice packs for 20 minutes, three to four times a day is recommended to reduce the swelling.
Post recovery, patients can return to their normal routine with the advice of surgeon. Post surgery, follow up appointments are required to be taken for monitoring the health of knees.
Post – Operative Exercises and Physiotherapy
After completion of knee arthroscopy, exercise and physiotherapy treatments are advised to the patients. Thigh muscle strengthening is very important in these cases. Muscle build up can be achieved by swimming and cycling. These activities need to be done only after consulting with the surgeon.
Post surgical process, medications are given to the patients for short-term pain. These include, Opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as well as local anesthetics. Combination of these medications can be used by surgeon as per the need. Opioids, though effective, can be addictive. This happens because they are narcotic in nature. This is why, it is recommended to stop using opioids once the pain is relieved.
Patients get relieved from the hospital with the bandage covering their knees. This bandage needs to be kept clean and dry.
It has been reported that recovery time for knee arthroscopy is less than traditional open knee surgeries. It is very essential to follow instructions given by the surgeon post treatment.
Risks And Complications
In general, risks associated with knee arthroscopy are less. In case of knee damage such as partially worn out knee cartilage, chances of improvement are around 65% for short term. No improvement is reported in patients with Osteoarthritis even after arthroscopic surgical treatments. Arthroscopic knee surgery is associated with following risks and complications.
Post operative bleeding
Numbness near the incision site
Injury to nerves and vessels
Chronic pain syndrome
Deep vein thrombosis
Is it necessary to use crutches post knee arthroscopy?
A. Usually, it is not necessary to use crutches. In patients having anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, crutches are required.
When can patients drive post knee arthroscopy?
A. If the knee feels comfortable, patients can drive after 24 hours post treatment with the advise of the surgeon.
What is the recovery time after knee arthroscopy?
A. Recovery time post knee arthroscopy is usually around 4 to 6 weeks after surgery and is based on overall health of the patient. Knee Arthroscopy surgery in Jagtial
Other Arthroscopy procedures
Information on Elbow Arthroscopy
Information on Hip Arthroscopy
Information on Knee Osteotomy
Information on Shoulder Arthroscopy
Cost of Arthroscopic Surgery in India and top cities
List of best Arthroscopy Surgeons in India and top cities
List of best Orthopedic Hospitals in India and top cities