A sluggish eye (amblyopia) is a visual impairment in one eye caused by abnormal visual development at a young age. The weaker – or lazy – eye often wanders inwards or outwards.
Amblyopia usually develops from birth to 7 years of age. It is the leading cause of vision problems in children. In rare cases, a lazy eye affects both eyes.
Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent your child’s long-term vision problems. The visually impaired eye can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses or patch therapy. Lazy eye (amblyopia) Treatment in Hyderabad
Signs and symptoms of sluggish eyes include:
- An eye that wanders inward or outward
- Eyes that don’t seem to work together
- Poor depth perception
- Squint or close one eye
- Head tilt
- Test results for screening for abnormal vision
The sluggish eye develops due to an abnormal visual experience at a young age that changes the nerve pathways between a thin layer of tissue (retina) in the back of the eye and the brain. The weaker eye receives fewer visual signals. Eventually, the eyes’ ability to work together decreases and the brain suppresses or ignores input from the weaker eye.
Anything that blurs a child’s vision or causes their eyes to cross or turn into a sluggish eye. Common causes of the disease are:
Muscle imbalance (amblyopic strabismus). The most common cause of sluggish eyes is an imbalance in the muscles that position the eyes. This imbalance can cause eyes to cross or go out and stop working together.
Difference in visual acuity between the eyes (refractive amblyopia). A significant difference between prescriptions in each eye – often due to hyperopia, but sometimes also myopia or an uneven surface curve of the eye (astigmatism) – can result in a sluggish eye. Lazy eye (amblyopia) Treatment in Hyderabad
Glasses or contact lenses are generally used to address these refraction problems. In some children, sluggish eyes are caused by a combination of strabismus and refractive problems. Lazy eye (amblyopia) Treatment in Hyderabad
Factors associated with an increased risk of sluggish eyes include:
- Premature birth
- Small at birth
- Lazy Eye family history
- Developmental disorders
An untreated sluggish eye can lead to permanent vision loss.