Illustration shows left ventricular hypertrophy
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Left ventricular hypertrophy is the enlargement and thickening (hypertrophy) of the walls of your heart’s main pumping chamber (left ventricle). The thickened heart wall loses elasticity, which leads to increased pressure to allow the heart to fill its pumping chamber to send blood to the rest of the body. Ultimately, the heart may not pump with the force it needs.
Left ventricular hypertrophy is more common in people with uncontrolled high blood pressure. Regardless of your blood pressure, developing left ventricular hypertrophy puts you at greater risk of heart failure and irregular heart rhythm. Left ventricular hypertrophy Treatment in Hyderabad
Left ventricular hypertrophy usually develops gradually. You may not feel any signs or symptoms, especially in the early stages of the disease.
As left ventricular hypertrophy progresses, the following symptoms may occur:
- shortness of breath
- Chest pain, often after exercising
- Feeling of a fast, pounding, or pounding heartbeat (palpitations)
- Dizziness or fainting
There are several causes of left ventricular hypertrophy – one is an increase in the size of heart muscle cells and the other is abnormal tissue around heart muscle cells.
Your heart muscle cells may grow in response to a factor that makes the left ventricle work harder, such as: B. high blood pressure or heart disease. As the workload on the left ventricle increases, the muscle tissue in the chamber wall thickens. Sometimes the size of the chamber itself also increases.
Left ventricular hypertrophy can also develop due to problems in the structure of the heart muscle cell. These changes can be related to a genetic defect. Abnormal tissue around heart muscle cells is the result of several rare diseases. Left ventricular hypertrophy Treatment in Hyderabad
In addition to high blood pressure and aortic valve stenosis, factors that increase your risk of left ventricular hypertrophy include:
- Age. Left ventricular hypertrophy is more common in the elderly.
- Lester. Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy.
- Family history. Certain genetic conditions are associated with the development of left ventricular hypertrophy.
- Diabetes. The risk of left ventricular hypertrophy is higher in people with diabetes.
- Run. African Americans may be at greater risk of left ventricular hypertrophy than whites with similar blood pressure readings.
- Sex. Women with high blood pressure are at higher risk of left ventricular hypertrophy than men with similar blood pressure levels.
Left ventricular hypertrophy changes the structure and function of the heart. The enlarged left ventricle can:
- Strengthen and lose elasticity, prevent the chamber from filling properly, and increase the pressure in the heart
- Compress the blood vessels in the chamber (coronary arteries) and restrict the blood supply
The best way to prevent left ventricular hypertrophy caused by high blood pressure is to maintain healthy blood pressure. To better control your blood pressure:
- Watch out for high blood pressure. Buy a home blood pressure monitor and check your blood pressure regularly. Schedule regular check-ups with your doctor.
- Maintain a healthy weight. There is a direct link between being overweight and high blood pressure.
- Take the time to be physically active. Regular physical activity helps lower blood pressure and keep it at normal levels. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most days of the week.
- Eat healthy. Avoid foods high in saturated fat and salt, and eat more fruits and vegetables. Avoid alcoholic beverages or drink them in moderation.
- Stop smoking. Quitting smoking improves your overall health and prevents heart attacks. Left ventricular hypertrophy Treatment in Hyderabad