Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite. The parasite is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People with malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and chills.
Although the disease is rare in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries. Every year nearly 290 million people become infected with malaria and more than 400,000 people die from the disease.
To reduce malaria infections, global health programs are distributing preventive medicines and bed nets treated with insecticides to protect people from mosquito bites. A partially effective vaccine is being tested in some African countries, but there is no vaccine for travelers. Malaria Treatment in warangal
Protective clothing, mosquito nets and insecticides can protect you while traveling. You can also take preventive medication before, during, and after traveling to a high-risk area. Many malaria parasites have developed resistance to drugs commonly used to treat the disease.
The signs and symptoms of malaria can include:
- General discomfort
- a headache
- Nausea and vomiting
- stomach pain
- Muscle or joint pain
- Rapid breathing
- Fast heart rate
- to cough
- Malaria transmission cycle Malaria Transmission CycleOpen Popup Dialog
- Malaria is caused by a unicellular parasite belonging to the genus Plasmodium. The parasite is most commonly transmitted to humans through mosquito bites.
Mosquito transmission cycle Mosquito not infected. A mosquito becomes infected by feeding on a person with malaria.
Transmission of the parasite. If this mosquito bites you in the future, it can transmit malaria parasites to you.
In the liver. Once the parasites enter your body, they migrate to your liver – where some species can dormant for up to a year.
In the bloodstream. As the parasites mature, they leave the liver and infect your red blood cells. This is when people usually develop symptoms of malaria. Malaria Treatment in warangal
Let’s move on to the next person. If an uninfected mosquito bites you at this point in the cycle, it will become infected with your malaria parasites and can pass it on to other people who it bites. Malaria Treatment in warangal
The greatest risk factor for developing malaria is living or visiting areas where the disease is common. These include the tropics and subtropics of:
- Africa southern of the Sahara
- South and Southeast Asia
- Pacific islands
- Central America and North South America
If you live or travel in an area where malaria is common, you should take steps to avoid mosquito bites.
Mosquitoes are most active between dusk and dawn. To protect yourself from mosquito bites, you should:
- Cover your skin. Wear long sleeved pants and shirts. Put on your shirt and tuck your trouser legs into your socks.
- Apply insect repellent to the skin. Use an Environmental Protection Agency registered insect repellent on any exposed skin. These include repellants that contain DEET, picaridin, IR3535, lemon eucalyptus oil (OLE), para-menthane-3,8-diol (PMD), or 2-undecanone. Do not use a spray directly on your face. Do not use products with OLE or PMD on children under 3 years of age.
- Apply a repellent to clothing. Sprays containing permethrin can be safely applied to clothing.
- Sleep under a mosquito net. Bed nets, especially those that have been treated with insecticides like permethrin, prevent mosquito bites while you sleep. Malaria Treatment in warangal