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Melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, develops in cells (melanocytes) that make melanin – the pigment that gives your skin its color. Melanoma can also form in your eyes, and rarely in your body such as your nose or throat.
The exact cause of all melanomas is unclear, but exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from sunlight or tanning lamps and beds increases the risk of developing melanoma. Limiting your exposure to UV rays can help reduce your risk of melanoma.
The risk of melanoma appears to be increasing in people under 40, especially women. Knowing the warning signs of skin cancer can help ensure cancerous changes are detected and treated before the cancer spreads. Melanoma can be treated successfully if it is detected early. Melanoma Treatment in Nizamabad
- MolesOpen Melanoma popup dialog
- Melanoma Open the popup dialog
- Melanoma can develop anywhere on your body. They most commonly develop in sun-exposed areas such as the back, legs, arms, and face.
Melanoma can also occur in areas with little sunlight, such as the B. on the soles of the feet, palms and fingernails. These hidden melanomas are more common in people with darker skin.
The first signs and symptoms of melanoma are often:
- A change in an existing mole
- The development of a new pigmented or unusual looking growth on your skin
- Melanoma doesn’t always start with a mole. It can also appear on normal looking skin.
- Where skin cancer grows
- Where does skin cancer grow? Open the popup dialog
- Melanoma occurs when something is wrong with the melanin producing cells (melanocytes) that give your skin the color.
Normally, skin cells grow in a controlled and orderly manner – new, healthy cells push older cells to the surface of your skin, where they die and eventually peel off. However, when some cells develop DNA damage, new cells can run out of control and eventually form a mass of cancer cells.
What damages the DNA in skin cells and how this leads to melanoma is unclear. A combination of factors, including environmental and genetic factors, is likely to cause melanoma. Still, doctors believe that exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun, as well as from tanning lamps and beds, is the leading cause of melanoma.
UV light doesn’t cause all melanomas, especially those that appear in areas of your body that aren’t exposed to the sun. This indicates that other factors may add to your risk of melanoma. Melanoma Treatment in Nizamabad
Some of the factors that can increase your risk of melanoma include:
- Clean skin. When you have less pigment (melanin) in your skin, you have less protection from harmful UV rays. If you have light blonde or red hair, light eyes and freckles or sunburn, you are more likely to develop melanoma than someone with a darker complexion. But melanoma can develop in people of darker skin color, including Hispanics and blacks.
- A story of sunburn. Having one or more severe sunburns can increase your risk of melanoma.
- Excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Exposure to UV rays from the sun and from tanning lamps and beds can increase the risk of skin cancer, including melanoma.
- Live closer to the equator or at a higher altitude. People who live closer to the Earth’s equator, where the sun’s rays are more direct, experience a higher amount of UV radiation than people who live further north or south. Also, if you live at high altitudes, you will be exposed to more UV rays.
- Do you have a lot of unusual moles or moles. If you have more than 50 normal moles in your body, it indicates an increased risk of melanoma. In addition, an unusual type of mole increases the risk of melanoma. Medically known as dysplastic nevi, they tend to be larger than normal moles and have irregular borders and a mixture of colors.
You can lower your risk of melanoma and other types of skin cancer if you:
- Avoid it