Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the stage between the expected cognitive decline in normal aging and the greater decline in dementia. It is characterized by problems with memory, language, thinking, or judgment.
If you have mild cognitive impairment, you may know that your memory or mental functions are “slipped”. Your family and close friends may also notice a change. However, these changes are not severe enough to significantly affect your daily life and usual activities.
Mild cognitive impairment can increase the risk of developing dementia later due to Alzheimer’s disease or other neurological disorders. But some people with mild cognitive impairment never get worse, and some get better. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) Treatment in Hyderabad
- Your brain, like the rest of your body, changes with age. Many people notice a gradual increase in forgetfulness as they get older. A word or a person’s name may take longer to remember.
- However, constant or growing concern about your mental performance may indicate mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Cognitive problems can be beyond expectation and indicate a possible MCI if you experience some or all of the following symptoms:
- You forget things more often.
- You forget important events like appointments or social obligations.
- You lose the thread of your thoughts or the thread of conversations, books or films.
- You feel more and more overwhelmed as you make decisions, plan steps to get a task done, or understand instructions.
- You have trouble finding your way around in a familiar environment.
- They become more impulsive or use less judgment.
- Your family and friends will notice these changes.
- MRI of the narrowing of the brain
Brain Shrinkage Open the pop-up dialog box
There is no single cause of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), just as there is no single outcome for the disorder. Symptoms of MCI can be stable for years, develop into Alzheimer’s disease or another type of dementia, or get better over time.
- Current evidence suggests that MCI often, but not always, develops from a lesser degree of the same type of brain changes that occur in Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia. Some of these changes were seen in autopsy studies on people with MCI. These changes include:
- Abnormal clumps of amyloid beta protein (plaques) and microscopic clumps of tau proteins that are characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease (tangles)
Lewy bodies, which are microscopic clumps of another protein associated with Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body dementia, and some cases of Alzheimer’s disease
Small strokes or decreased blood flow to the blood vessels in the brain. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) Treatment in Hyderabad
The main risk factors for MCI are:
- Increasing age
- Having a certain form of a gene called APOE e4, which is also linked to Alzheimer’s disease – though the gene doesn’t guarantee you’ll experience cognitive decline
- Other medical conditions and lifestyle factors have been linked to an increased risk of cognitive change, including:
- Arterial hypertension
- High cholesterol
- Lack of exercise
Mild cognitive impairment cannot always be avoided. However, research has found certain environmental factors that can affect the risk of developing the disease.
Studies show that these steps can help prevent cognitive impairment:
- Avoid excessive alcohol consumption.
- Limit exposure to air pollution.
- Reduce the risk of head injuries.
- Do not smoke.
- Manage health problems like diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and depression.
- Adopt good sleep hygiene and treat sleep disorders.
- Eat a diet rich in nutrients, high in fruits and vegetables, and low in saturated fat.
- Get socially involved with others. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) Treatment in Hyderabad