A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in a miscarriage. However, the actual number is likely higher because many miscarriages occur so early in pregnancy that a woman does not realize she is pregnant.
Miscarriages are a somewhat burdened term – which may suggest something was wrong with realizing the pregnancy. This is seldom true. Most miscarriages occur because the fetus is not developing normally.
Miscarriages are a relatively common experience, but they don’t make it any easier. Take a step towards emotional healing by understanding what can cause a miscarriage, what increases the risk, and what medical treatment may be needed.
Most miscarriages occur before the 12th week of pregnancy.
The signs and symptoms of a miscarriage can include:
- Spotting or bleeding from the vagina
- Pain or cramps in the abdomen or lower back
- Fluid or tissue leaking from your vagina
- Once you’ve evacuated fetal tissue from your vagina, place it in a clean container and take it to your doctor’s office or hospital for testing.
Abnormal genes or chromosomes
Most miscarriages occur because the fetus is not developing normally. About 50% of miscarriages are associated with extra or missing chromosomes. Most often, chromosome problems result from errors that happen randomly during the division and growth of the embryo – rather than from problems inherited from the parents.
Chromosomal abnormalities can cause:
- Withered egg. The burned egg is created when no embryos are formed.
- Intrauterine fetal death. In this situation, an embryo forms, but it stops developing and dies before symptoms of pregnancy loss appear.
- Molar pregnancy and partial molar pregnancy. In a molar pregnancy, both sets of chromosomes come from the father. Molar pregnancy is associated with abnormal growth of the placenta; There is usually no fetal development.
Partial molar pregnancy occurs when the mother’s chromosomes are retained, but the father provides two sets of chromosomes. Partial molar pregnancy is usually associated with abnormalities of the placenta and an abnormal fetus.
Several factors increase your risk of miscarriage, including:
- Age. Women over 35 are at higher risk of miscarriage than younger women. At 35 you have a risk of around 20%. At 40, the risk is around 40%. And at 45 it’s about 80%.
- Previous miscarriage. Women who have had at least two consecutive miscarriages are at higher risk of miscarriages.
- Chronic diseases. Women with a chronic disease like uncontrolled diabetes are at higher risk of miscarriages.
- Uterine or cervical problems. Certain uterine abnormalities or weak cervical tissue (incompetent cervix) can increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Smoking, alcohol and illegal drugs. Women who smoke during pregnancy are at higher risk of miscarriages than non-smokers. Excessive alcohol consumption and illegal drug use also increase the risk of miscarriage.
- Lester. Being underweight or overweight is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage.
- Invasive antenatal tests. Some invasive prenatal genetic tests, such as chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis, have a low risk of miscarriage.
Often there is nothing you can do to prevent a miscarriage. Just focus on taking good care of yourself and your baby:
- Find regular prenatal care.
- Avoid known risk factors for miscarriage such as smoking, alcohol use, and illegal drug use.
- Take a multivitamin daily.
- Limit your coffee consumption. A recent study found that drinking more than two caffeinated drinks a day appears to be linked to a higher risk of miscarriage. Miscarriage Treatment in Khammam