Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that lead to progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. In muscular dystrophy, abnormal genes (mutations) disrupt the production of proteins that are needed to build healthy muscles.
There are many types of muscular dystrophy. Symptoms of the most common type begin in childhood, mainly in boys. Other types do not appear until adulthood.
There is no cure for muscular dystrophy. But medications and therapies can help relieve symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
The main sign of muscular dystrophy is progressive muscle weakness. The specific signs and symptoms begin at different ages and in different muscle groups depending on the type of muscular dystrophy.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
This is the most common form. Although girls can be carrier and easily affected, it is much more common in boys. Muscular dystrophy Treatment in Hyderabad
Signs and symptoms that usually appear in early childhood can include:
- Frequent falls
- Difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting position
- Difficulty walking and jumping
- Waddling gait
- Walk on your toes
- Large calf muscles
- Muscle pain and stiffness
Certain genes are involved in the production of proteins that protect muscle fibers. Muscular dystrophy occurs when one of these genes is defective.
Each form of muscular dystrophy is caused by a genetic mutation that is unique to this type of disease. Most of these mutations are hereditary.
Muscular dystrophy occurs in both sexes and in all ages and races. However, the most common variety, Duchenne, is usually found in boys. People with a family history of muscular dystrophy are at greater risk of developing the disease or passing it on to their children. Muscular dystrophy Treatment in Hyderabad