Myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of disorders that are caused by abnormalities in blood cells or that do not function properly. Myelodysplastic syndromes result from a problem with the spongy material in your bones that makes blood cells (bone marrow).
Treatment for myelodysplastic syndromes usually focuses on reducing or preventing complications from the disease and its treatments. In some cases, treatment may include chemotherapy or a bone marrow transplant. Myelodysplastic syndromes Treatment in Khammam
- Petechiae on the leg and abdomen
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- Myelodysplastic syndromes rarely cause signs or symptoms in the early stages.
Over time, myelodysplastic syndromes can cause:
- shortness of breath
- Unusual paleness (paleness) due to low red blood cell counts (anemia)
- Easy or unusual bruising or bleeding due to a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
- Red spots just under your skin from bleeding (petechiae)
- Frequent infections due to low white blood cell counts (leukopenia)
In a healthy person, the bone marrow produces new, immature blood cells that mature over time. Myelodysplastic syndromes occur when something interferes with this process so that the blood cells do not mature.
Instead of developing normally, blood cells die in the bone marrow or shortly after entering the bloodstream. Over time, there are more immature and defective cells than healthy cells, leading to problems such as fatigue from anemia, infection from leukopenia, and bleeding from thrombocytopenia.
Some myelodysplastic syndromes have no known cause. Others are caused by exposure to cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy, or by toxic chemicals like tobacco, benzene, and pesticides, or by heavy metals like lead. Myelodysplastic syndromes Treatment in Khammam
Factors that can increase your risk for myelodysplastic syndromes include:
- An older age. Most people with myelodysplastic syndrome are over 60 years old.
- Treatment with chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy, both of which are commonly used to treat cancer, can increase your risk of myelodysplastic syndromes.
- Exposure to certain chemicals. Chemicals associated with myelodysplastic syndromes include tobacco smoke, pesticides, and industrial chemicals such as benzene.
- Exposure to heavy metals. Heavy metals associated with myelodysplastic syndromes include lead and mercury. Myelodysplastic syndromes Treatment in Khammam