Parts of the throat (pharynx)
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Nasopharyngeal cancer (nay-zoh-fuh-RIN-jee-ul) is cancer that occurs in the nasopharynx, which is located behind the nose and above the throat.
- Nasopharyngeal cancer is rare in the United States. It is much more common in other parts of the world – especially in Southeast Asia.
- Nasopharyngeal cancer is difficult to detect early on. This is likely because the nasopharynx is not easy to examine and the symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer are similar to other more common conditions.
- Treatment for nasopharyngeal cancer usually includes radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both. You can work with.Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Treatment hyderabad
At an early stage, carcinoma of the nasopharynx may not cause symptoms. Possible visible symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer include:
- A lump in the neck caused by a swollen lymph node
- Blood in your saliva
- Bloody discharge from the nose
- Stuffy nose or ringing in the ears
- Hearing loss
- Frequent ear infections
- Sore throat
- a headache
Cancer begins when one or more genetic mutations cause normal cells to run out of control, invade surrounding structures, and eventually spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. In nasopharyngeal cancer, this process begins in the squamous cells that line the surface of the nasopharynx.Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Treatment hyderabad
- It is not known exactly what causes the genetic mutations that lead to carcinoma of the nasopharynx, although factors such as Epstein-Barr virus have been identified that increase the risk of developing this cancer. However, it is not known why some people with all risk factors never get cancer while others who have no obvious risk factors do.
Researchers have identified certain factors that appear to increase your risk of developing nasopharyngeal cancer, including:
- Sex. Nasopharyngeal cancer is more common in men than women.
- Run. This type of cancer is more common in people in parts of China, Southeast Asia, and North Africa. In the United States, Asian immigrants are at greater risk for this type of cancer than American-born Asians. Alaskan Inuit also have an increased risk of nasopharyngeal cancer.
- Age. Nasopharyngeal cancer can occur at any age, but is most commonly diagnosed in adults between 30 and 50 years of age.
There is no surefire way to prevent nasopharyngeal cancer. However, if you are concerned about your risk for nasopharyngeal cancer, avoid the habits associated with the disease. For example, you can reduce the amount of salty foods you eat or avoid them altogether.Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Treatment hyderabad