Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin  Treatment in Hyderabad


Photographer shows Merkel cell carcinoma
Merkel Cell Carcinoma Open the popup dialog
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer that usually presents as a flesh-colored or bluish-red lump, often on the face, head, or neck. Merkel cell carcinoma is also known as neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin.

Merkel cell carcinoma is most common in older people. Long-term sun exposure or a weakened immune system can increase the risk of developing Merkel cell carcinoma. Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin Treatment in Hyderabad


The first sign of Merkel cell carcinoma is usually a painless, fast-growing lump (tumor) on your skin. The knot can be skin-colored or appear in shades of red, blue, or purple. Most Merkel cell carcinomas occur on the face, head, or neck, but can develop anywhere on your body, including areas that are not exposed to the sun.

The reasons

It is not known what causes Merkel cell carcinoma. Merkel cell carcinoma begins in Merkel cells. Merkel cells are located at the base of the outermost layer of skin (epidermis). Merkel cells are connected to nerve endings in the skin that are responsible for the sense of touch.

Researchers recently discovered that a common virus plays a role in most Merkel cell carcinoma cases. The virus (Merkel cell polyomavirus) lives on the skin and does not cause any signs or symptoms.

Risk factors

Factors that can increase your risk for Merkel cell carcinoma include:


Cancer that spreads to other parts of the body
Merkel cell carcinoma also spreads beyond the skin (metastasizes) during treatment. Merkel cell carcinoma usually first migrates to nearby lymph nodes. It can later spread to the brain, bones, liver, or lungs, where it can affect the function of these organs. Metastatic cancer is more difficult to treat and can be fatal.


Although sun exposure has not been shown to cause Merkel cell carcinoma, it is considered a risk factor for this cancer. Less exposure to the sun can lower your risk of skin cancer. To attempt:

Avoid the sun during rush hour. Avoid exposure to the sun as much as possible during the sunniest hours of the day, usually after 10 a.m. at 4:00 p.m. Postpone your outdoor activities to an hour earlier in the morning or later in the day.
Protect your skin and eyes. Wear a wide-brimmed hat, tightly woven clothing, and sunglasses with UV protection.
Apply sunscreen generously and frequently. Even on cloudy days, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30. Apply sunscreen generously and reapply every two hours – or more frequently if you swim or sweat. Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin Treatment in Hyderabad

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