Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. Preeclampsia usually starts after 20 weeks of pregnancy in women with normal blood pressure.
If left untreated, preeclampsia can cause serious complications, including death, for you and your baby. If you have preeclampsia, the most effective treatment is childbirth. Even after giving birth, it can take a while before you feel better. Preeclampsia Treatment in Nizamabad
If you are diagnosed with preeclampsia too early in pregnancy to give birth, you and your doctor face a daunting task. Your baby will need more time to grow, but you should avoid exposing yourself or your baby to serious complications.
Rarely, preeclampsia develops after childbirth, a condition known as postpartum preeclampsia.
Sometimes preeclampsia develops with no symptoms. High blood pressure can develop slowly or come on suddenly. Monitoring your blood pressure is an important part of prenatal care because the first sign of preeclampsia is usually an increase in blood pressure. Blood pressure greater than 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or more – documented twice, at least four hours apart – is abnormal.
Other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia can include:
- Too much protein in the urine (proteinuria) or additional signs of kidney problems
- Strong headache
- Changes in your vision, including temporary loss of vision, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light
- Upper abdominal pain, usually under the ribs on the right side
- Nausea or vomiting
- Decreased urine output
- Low levels of platelets in the blood (thrombocytopenia)
- Impaired liver function
- Shortness of breath caused by fluid in your lungs
The exact cause of preeclampsia depends on several factors. Experts believe it starts in the placenta – the organ that nourishes the fetus during pregnancy. During early pregnancy, new blood vessels develop and develop to efficiently send blood to the placenta. Preeclampsia Treatment in Nizamabad
In women with preeclampsia, these blood vessels do not seem to grow or function properly. They are narrower than normal blood vessels and respond differently to hormonal signals, which limits the amount of blood that can pass through them.
The causes of this abnormal development can be:
- Insufficient blood flow to the uterus
- Damage to blood vessels
- A problem with the immune system
- Certain genes
Preeclampsia only develops as a complication of pregnancy. Risk factors are:
History of preeclampsia. Personal or familial preeclampsia increases the risk of preeclampsia significantly.
Chronic hypertension. If you already have chronic hypertension, you are at greater risk of developing preeclampsia.
First pregnancy. The risk of developing preeclampsia is greatest during your first pregnancy.
New fatherhood. Any pregnancy with a new partner increases the risk of preeclampsia by more than a second or third pregnancy with the same partner.
Age. The risk of preeclampsia is higher in both very young pregnant women and pregnant women over the age of 35.
Run. Black women are at higher risk of developing preeclampsia than women of other races.
Obesity. The risk of preeclampsia is higher if you are overweight. Preeclampsia Treatment in Nizamabad
Multiple pregnancy. Preeclampsia is more common in women who carry twins, triplets, or other multiples.
Researchers are continuing to investigate ways to prevent preeclampsia, but no clear strategy has yet emerged. Eating less salt, changing your activities, limiting calories, or consuming garlic or fish oil does not reduce your risk. Increasing your intake of vitamins C and E has not been shown to be beneficial. Preeclampsia Treatment in Nizamabad
Some studies have reported an association between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of preeclampsia. While some studies have shown a link between taking vitamin D supplements and a lower risk of preeclampsia, others have failed to establish the link.
Low dose aspirin. If you have certain risk factors – including a history of preeclampsia, multiple pregnancy, chronic high blood pressure, kidney disease, diabetes, or autoimmune disease.