Primary immunodeficiency disorders – also known as primary immunodeficiency or primary immunodeficiency – weaken the immune system, making it easier for infections and other health problems to occur.
Many people with primary immunodeficiency are born with no specific immune defenses in their bodies or with an impaired immune system, which makes them more susceptible to the germs that can cause infections. Primary immunodeficiency Treatment in Nizamabad
Some forms of primary immune deficiency are so mild that they can go unnoticed for years. Other types are serious enough to be spotted soon after an affected baby is born.
Treatments can boost the immune system in many types of primary immunodeficiency disorders. Research is ongoing and is leading to better treatments and a better quality of life for people with this disease.
One of the most common signs of primary immunodeficiency is infections, which are more common, persistent, or more difficult to treat than infections in people with normal immune systems. You can also get infections that a person with a healthy immune system won’t get (opportunistic infections).
Signs and symptoms differ depending on the type of primary immunodeficiency disorder and vary from person to person. Primary immunodeficiency Treatment in Nizamabad
The signs and symptoms of primary immunodeficiency can include:
- Frequent and recurring pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus infections, ear infections, meningitis, or skin infections
- Inflammation and infection of the internal organs
- Blood disorders such as low platelet count or anemia
- Digestive problems such as cramps, loss of appetite, nausea, and diarrhea
- Stunted growth and development
- Autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or type 1 diabetes
Many primary immunodeficiency disorders are inherited – passed on from one or both parents. Problems in the genetic code, which serves as a model for the production of cells (DNA) in the body, cause many abnormalities in the immune system.
There are over 300 types of primary immunodeficiency disorder, and researchers continue to identify more. They can be roughly divided into six groups, depending on which part of the immune system is affected:
- B-cell deficiency (antibodies)
- T cell deficiencies
- Combination of B and T cell deficiencies
- Defective phagocytes
- Complete the shortcomings
- Unknown (idiopathic)
The only known risk factor is a familial primary immunodeficiency disorder, which increases your risk of developing the disease.
If you have primary immunodeficiency, you should seek genetic counseling if you are planning to raise a family.
Since primary immune diseases are caused by genetic defects, there is no way to prevent them. However, if you or your child has a weakened immune system, there are steps you can take to prevent infection:
- Practice good hygiene. Wash your hands with mild soap after using the toilet and before eating.
- Take care of your teeth. Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
- Eat well. Eating a healthy, balanced diet can help prevent infections.
- Be physically active. Staying in shape is important to your overall health. Ask your doctor which activities are right for you.
- Get enough sleep. Try to fall asleep, wake up, and sleep the same number of hours each night at the same time each day. Primary immunodeficiency Treatment in Nizamabad