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Rubella is a contagious viral infection best known for its distinctive red rash. It is also called German measles or three-day measles. Although this infection can cause mild or no symptoms in most people, it can cause serious problems in unborn babies whose mothers are infected while pregnant.
Rubella is not the same as measles, but the two diseases share some symptoms, including the red rash. Rubella is caused by a virus other than measles, and rubella is not as contagious or severe as measles.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is very effective in preventing rubella. Rubella Treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of rubella are often difficult to notice, especially in children. Signs and symptoms usually appear two to three weeks after exposure to the virus.
They usually last around one to five days and can include:
- Mild fever of 38.9 ° C or less
- a headache
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Red sore eyes
- Enlarged and tender lymph nodes at the base of the skull, in the neck and behind the ears
Rubella is caused by a virus that is transmitted from person to person. It can spread if an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also be spread through direct contact with an infected person’s respiratory fluids, such as mucus. It can also be passed on to their unborn children through the bloodstream from pregnant women.
A person who has been infected with the virus that causes rubella is contagious one to two weeks before the rash appears to about one to two weeks after the rash has cleared. An infected person can spread the disease before the person realizes it.
The rubella vaccine is usually given as a combined measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR). Doctors recommend that children receive the MMR vaccine between 12 and 15 months and again between 4 and 6 years old – before they go to school. It is especially important that girls receive the vaccine to prevent rubella in future pregnancies.
Babies of women who have received the vaccine or are already immune are usually protected from rubella six to eight months after they are born. If a child needs to be protected from rubella before the age of 12 months – for example on some trips abroad – the vaccine can be given as early as 6 months of age. However, children who are vaccinated early should be vaccinated later at the recommended age. Rubella Treatment in Hyderabad