- Coma is a prolonged state of loss of consciousness that can be caused by a variety of problems – head trauma, stroke, brain tumor, drug or alcohol poisoning, or even an underlying condition like diabetes or infection.
- Coma is a medical emergency. Rapid action is needed to keep life and brain functioning. Doctors usually order a series of blood tests and a brain scan to determine what is causing the coma so that appropriate treatment can begin.
- A coma rarely lasts more than several weeks. People who have been unconscious for an extended period of time can go into a persistent vegetative state or brain death. Severe brain injury, coma treatment in hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of a coma are usually:
- eyes closed
- Depressed brainstem reflexes, such as B. Pupils that do not respond to light
- No limb reaction other than reflex movements
- No response to painful stimuli other than reflex movements
- Breathing irregularly
There are many types of problems that a coma can cause. Some examples are:
- Traumatic brain injuries. These are often caused by traffic accidents or acts of violence.
- Stroke. A decreased or interrupted blood supply to the brain (stroke) can be due to blocked arteries or a broken blood vessel.
- Tumor. Tumors in the brain or in the brain stem can cause a coma.
- Diabetes. Too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia) blood sugar can cause coma.
- Lack of oxygen. People rescued from drowning or resuscitated after a heart attack are unable to wake up due to a lack of oxygen in the brain. Severe brain injury, coma treatment in hyderabad
- Although many people gradually recover from coma, others enter a vegetative state or die. Some people recovering from a coma have severe or minor disabilities.
- Complications can occur with a coma, including pressure sores, urinary tract infections, blood clots in the legs, and other problems. Severe brain injury, coma treatment in hyderabad