- Small intestine – duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
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- Small bowel cancer is a rare type of cancer that occurs in the small intestine. Your small intestine, also called the small intestine, is a long tube that carries digested food between your stomach and your large intestine (colon).
The small intestine is responsible for digesting and absorbing nutrients from the foods you eat. It produces hormones that aid digestion. The small intestine also plays a role in your body’s germ-fighting immune system as it contains cells that fight bacteria and viruses that enter your body through your mouth. Small bowel cancer treatment in Hyderabad
The signs and symptoms of small bowel cancer include:
- stomach pain
- Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
- Feeling unusually weak or tired
Doctors aren’t sure what causes most small bowel cancers.
Usually, small bowel cancer begins when healthy cells in the small intestine develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains a series of instructions that tell a cell what to do.
Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly manner so that your body can function normally. However, when a cell’s DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, the cells keep dividing even when new cells are not needed. When these cells accumulate, they form a tumor. Small bowel cancer treatment in Hyderabad
Factors that can increase your risk of small bowel cancer include:
Gene mutations have passed through families. Certain genetic mutations inherited from your parents can increase your risk of small bowel cancer and other cancers. Examples of this are Lynch syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
Other intestinal diseases. Other diseases and conditions that affect the colon can increase your risk of small bowel cancer, including Crohn’s disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and celiac disease. Small bowel cancer treatment in Hyderabad
Small bowel cancer can cause complications, including:
An increased risk of other cancers. People with small bowel cancer are at greater risk of developing other cancers, including those affecting the colon, rectum, ovaries, and the lining of the womb (endometrium).
Cancer that spreads to other parts of the body. Advanced small bowel cancer can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body, most often to the liver.
It is not known what can help reduce your risk of small bowel cancer as this is very rare. If you want to reduce your risk of cancer in general, this can help:
Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contain vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants that can help reduce your risk of cancer and other diseases. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables for a range of vitamins and nutrients.
Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you want to drink alcohol, limit the amount of alcohol you drink to no more than one drink per day for women of all ages and men over 65 years of age, and up to two drinks per day. Day for men under 65 years of age. Small bowel cancer treatment in Hyderabad