Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs when the total population of bacteria in the small intestine increases abnormally – especially the types of bacteria that are not commonly found in this part of the digestive tract. This condition is sometimes referred to as blind loop syndrome.
SIBO usually occurs when something – like an operation or illness – slows the passage of food and waste through the digestive tract, creating a breeding ground for bacteria. The excess bacteria often cause diarrhea and can lead to weight loss and malnutrition. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) treatment in Hyderabad
Often times, signs and symptoms of SIBO include:
- Loss of appetite
- stomach pain
- An uncomfortable feeling of fullness after eating
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Small intestinal bacteria (SIBO) overgrowth can be caused by:
- Complications of abdominal surgery, including gastric bypass surgery for obesity and gastrectomy to treat peptic ulcer and gastric cancer
- Structural problems in and around your small intestine, including scar tissue (intestinal adhesions) that can wrap around the outside of the small intestine and bulging pockets of tissue that protrude through the wall of the intestine (intestinal diverticulosis). Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) treatment in Hyderabad
- Certain medical conditions, including Crohn’s disease, radiologic enteritis, scleroderma, celiac disease, diabetes, or other conditions that can slow the movement (motility) of food and waste products in the small intestine.
Some of the factors that increase your risk for SIBO include:
- Gastric surgery for obesity or ulcers
- A structural defect in the small intestine
- An injury to the small intestine
- An abnormal passage (fistula) between two segments of the intestine
- Crohn’s disease, intestinal lymphoma, or scleroderma affecting the small intestine
- History of radiation therapy to the abdomen
- Diverticulosis of the small intestine
Small intestinal bacteria (SIBO) overgrowth can lead to growing problems, including:
- Poor intake of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Bile salts, which are normally needed to digest fat, are broken down by excess bacteria in the small intestine, resulting in incomplete digestion of fat and diarrhea. Bacterial products can also damage the lining (lining) of the small intestine, resulting in decreased absorption of carbohydrates and protein. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) treatment in Hyderabad
- Bacteria can compete for available food. And compounds created by the bacterial breakdown of standing food can also trigger diarrhea. Together, these effects of bacterial overgrowth lead to diarrhea, malnutrition, and weight loss.
- Vitamin deficiency. Due to the incomplete absorption of fat, your body cannot completely absorb the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K. Bacteria in the small intestine synthesize and use vitamin B-12, which is essential for the normal functioning of your nervous system and the production of blood cells and DNA.
- Bacterial overgrowth can lead to B-12 deficiency, which can lead to weakness, fatigue, tingling, and numbness in the hands and feet and, in more advanced cases, mental confusion. Damage to your central nervous system as a result of B-12 deficiency can be irreversible.