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Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testicles), which are located in the scrotum, a loose skin bag under the penis. The testes produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.
- Testicular cancer is rare compared to other cancers. But testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American men between the ages of 15 and 35.Testicular cancer Treatment Hyderabad
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The signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- A lump or enlargement in both testicles
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- A dull pain in the stomach or groin
- A sudden build-up of fluid in the scrotum
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or scrotum
- Breast enlargement or tenderness
- Back pain
The causes of testicular cancer are in most cases unclear.
- Doctors know testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in a testicle are damaged. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly manner so that your body can function normally. But sometimes some cells develop abnormalities that make that growth out of control – these cancer cells keep dividing even when new cells are not needed. The cells that accumulate form a mass in the testicle.
- Almost all testicular cancers start in the germ cells – the cells in the testes that produce immature sperm. It is not known which germ cells become abnormal and turn into cancer.
Factors that can increase your risk of testicular cancer include:
- A testicle without sagging (cryptorchidism). The testicles form in the abdominal area during the development of the fetus and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. Men who have never sunk their testicles are at higher risk of testicular cancer than men whose testicles have sunk normally. The risk remains high even if the testicle has been surgically moved into the scrotum.
- However, the majority of men who develop testicular cancer have no testicular history.
- Abnormal development of the testicles. Conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome, in which the testicles develop abnormally, can increase the risk of testicular cancer.
Family history. If family members have had testicular cancer you may be at increased risk.Testicular cancer Treatment Hyderabad
There is no way to prevent testicular cancer.
- Some doctors recommend regular testicular self-exams to help identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage. But not all doctors agree. Discuss testicle self-exam with your doctor if you are not sure if it is right for you.Testicular cancer Treatment Hyderabad