- Parts of the throat (pharynx)
- Throat Parts (Pharynx) Open the Throat Anatomy pop-up dialog box
- Throat Anatomy Open the pop-up dialog box
- Throat cancer refers to cancer that develops in the throat (pharynx) or in the voice box (larynx).
Your throat is a tube of muscle that starts behind your nose and ends in the back of your neck. Larynx cancer most commonly starts in the flat cells that line the inside of the throat.
Your voicemail box is just below your neck and is prone to larynx cancer too. The voice box is made of cartilage and contains the vocal cords that vibrate to produce sound when you speak. Throat cancer Treatment in Khammam
The signs and symptoms of throat cancer can include:
- A cough
- Changes in your voice, such as hoarseness or difficulty speaking
- difficulties swallowing
- A lump or a wound that won’t heal
- Sore throat
- Weight loss
Larynx cancer occurs when cells in your throat develop genetic mutations. These mutations cause cells to grow uncontrollably and continue to live after normal death of healthy cells. Cells that accumulate can form a tumor in the throat.
It is not known what causes the mutation that causes throat cancer. However, doctors have identified factors that may increase your risk.
HPV increases the risk of cancer of the throat, soft palate, tonsils, and the back of the tongue.
HPV and Neck Cancer Open pop-up dialog box
Factors that can increase your risk of developing throat cancer include:
- Smoking, including smoking and chewing tobacco
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- Viral infections, including human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus
- A diet that is low in fruits and vegetables
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Exposure to toxic substances at work
There is no proven way to prevent throat cancer. But to lower your risk of developing throat cancer, you can:
Stop smoking or don’t start smoking. If you smoke, quit. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. Quitting smoking can be very difficult, so get help. Your doctor can discuss the benefits and risks of many smoking cessation strategies such as medications, nicotine replacement products, and counseling.
Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. If you want to drink alcohol, do it in moderation. For healthy adults, this means up to one drink a day for women and up to two drinks a day for men.
Choose a healthy diet that is high in fruits and vegetables. The vitamins and antioxidants in fruits and vegetables can lower your risk of developing throat cancer. Eat a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables. Throat cancer Treatment in Khammam