- Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that primarily affects your lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis spread from person to person in tiny droplets that are released into the air by coughing and sneezing.
- Previously rare in industrialized countries, tuberculosis infections increased in 1985, partly due to the appearance of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person’s immune system and therefore cannot fight off the TB germs. In the United States, tuberculosis began to decline again in 1993 due to stricter control programs, but remains a cause for concern.
- Many strains of tuberculosis are resistant to the drugs that are most commonly used to treat the disease. People with active tuberculosis must take different types of medicines for several months to eradicate the infection and prevent antibiotic resistance from developing. Tuberculosis Treatment in Nizamabad
Although your body can harbor the bacteria that cause tuberculosis (TB), your immune system can usually keep you from getting sick. For this reason, doctors differentiate between:
Latent TB. In this condition, you have a TB infection, but the bacteria remain in your body in an inactive state and do not cause symptoms. Latent tuberculosis, also known as inactive tuberculosis or tuberculosis infection, is not contagious. It can turn into active tuberculosis. Therefore, treatment for the person with latent tuberculosis is important to control the spread of tuberculosis. An estimated 2 billion people have latent tuberculosis.
TB active. This condition makes you sick and in most cases it can spread to others. It can appear in the first few weeks after being infected with the TB bacteria or years later.
The signs and symptoms of active tuberculosis are: Tuberculosis Treatment in Nizamabad
- Cough that lasts three weeks or more
- Cough blood
- Chest pain or pain when breathing or coughing
- Involuntary weight loss
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
- Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets that are released into the air. This can happen when a person with the active, untreated form of TB coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs, or sings.
- Although tuberculosis is contagious, it is not easy to catch. You are much more likely to get TB from someone you live or work with than from a stranger. Most people with active TB who have been taking appropriate medication for at least two weeks are no longer contagious.
Anyone can get tuberculosis, but there are certain things that can increase your risk of getting the disease. These factors include:
Weakened immune system
A healthy immune system is often successful in fighting TB bacteria, but your body cannot provide effective defense when your resistance is low. A number of diseases, conditions, and medications can weaken your immune system, including:
- HIV / AIDS
- Severe kidney disease
- Some cancers
- Cancer treatment such as chemotherapy
- Drugs for rejection of transplanted organs
- Certain medicines used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease and psoriasis
- Very young or old
- If your test is positive for latent tuberculosis infection, your doctor may advise you to take medication to reduce your risk of active tuberculosis. The only type of contagious tuberculosis is the active variety when it comes to affecting the lungs. So if you can prevent your latent TB from becoming active, don’t pass the TB on to others.
- Protect your family and friends
If you have active TB, keep your germs to yourself. Treatment with tuberculosis drugs usually takes a few weeks before it is no longer contagious. To keep your friends and family from getting sick, follow these tips:
- Stay at home. For the first few weeks of active TB treatment, do not go to work, school, or sleep in the same room with other people.
Ventilate the room. Tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small, enclosed spaces where the air does not move. If it’s not too cold outside, open the windows and use a fan to blow the inside air outside. Tuberculosis Treatment in Nizamabad