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Ulcerative colitis (UL-on-uh-tiv koe-LIE-tis) is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in your digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. Symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly.
Ulcerative colitis can be debilitating and sometimes lead to life-threatening complications. Although no known cure is known, treatment can drastically reduce the signs and symptoms of the disease and result in long-term remission.Ulcerative colitis Treatment Hyderabad
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis can vary depending on the severity of the inflammation and where it occurs. Signs and symptoms can include:Ulcerative colitis Treatment Hyderabad
- Diarrhea, often accompanied by blood or pus
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Rectal pain
- Rectal bleeding – a small amount of blood passes through stool
- Urgency to defecate
- Inability to defecate despite the emergency
- Weight loss
- Failure to thrive in children
The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. Diet and stress used to be suspected, but now doctors know that these factors can make ulcerative colitis worse, but do not cause ulcerative colitis.Ulcerative colitis Treatment Hyderabad
- One possible cause is a dysfunction of the immune system. When your immune system tries to fight off an invading virus or bacteria, an abnormal immune response also causes the immune system to attack cells in the digestive tract.
- Heredity also appears to play a role in why ulcerative colitis is more common in people whose family members have the disease. However, most people with ulcerative colitis do not have this family history.
Ulcerative colitis affects roughly equal numbers of women and men. Risk factors can be:Ulcerative colitis Treatment Hyderabad
- Age. Ulcerative colitis usually starts before the age of 30. But it can appear at any age, and some people may not develop the disease until they are 60 years old.
- Race or ethnicity. Although whites are at the highest risk of developing the disease, it can occur in any breed. If you are of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, your risk is even higher.
- Family history. You are at higher risk if you have a close relative, such as: B. a parent, sibling, or child suffering from the disease.