- Colon and rectum
- Open the colon and rectum pop-up dialog
- Blog about gastroenterology and gastrointestinal surgery
- Connect with others and keep up with the latest advances in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis treatment at Mayo Clinic Connect.
- Ulcerative colitis (UL-on-uh-tiv koe-LIE-tis) is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in your digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. Symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly. Ulcerative colitis Treatment Khammam
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis can vary depending on the severity of the inflammation and where it occurs. Signs and symptoms can include:
- Diarrhea, often accompanied by blood or pus
- Abdominal pain and cramps
- Rectal pain
- Rectal bleeding – a small amount of blood will pass with the stool
- Urgency to defecate
- Inability to defecate despite the emergency
- Weight loss
The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. Diet and stress used to be suspected, but now doctors know that these factors can make ulcerative colitis worse, but do not cause ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis Treatment Khammam
One possible cause is a dysfunction of the immune system. When your immune system tries to fight off an invading virus or bacteria, an abnormal immune response also causes the immune system to attack cells in the digestive tract.
Ulcerative colitis affects roughly the same number of women and men. Risk factors can be:
- Age. Ulcerative colitis usually starts before the age of 30. But it can appear at any age, and some people may not develop the disease until they are 60 years old.
- Race or ethnicity. Although whites are at the highest risk of developing the disease, it can occur in any breed. If you are of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, your risk is even higher. Ulcerative colitis Treatment Khammam
- Family history. You are at higher risk if you have a close relative, such as: B. a parent, sibling, or child suffering from the disease.
Possible complications of ulcerative colitis are:
- Heavy bleeding
- A hole in the large intestine (perforated large intestine)
- Severe dehydration
- Bone loss (osteoporosis)
- Inflammation of the skin, joints and eyes
- An increased risk of colon cancer