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If your child has a congenital heart defect, it means that your child was born with a problem with the structure of their heart.

Some congenital heart defects in children are straightforward and do not require treatment. Other congenital heart defects in children are more complex and may require multiple surgeries over a period of years. Vascular rings Treatment in Khammam


Serious congenital heart defects usually occur soon after birth or in the first few months of life.

Signs and symptoms can include:

The reasons

The right side of the heart carries blood to the lungs through vessels called pulmonary arteries. In the lungs, the blood picks up oxygen and then returns to the left side of the heart through the pulmonary veins. The left side of the heart then pumps blood through the aorta and to the rest of the body. Vascular rings Treatment in Khammam

Risk factors

Most congenital heart defects result from problems in your child’s early heart development, the cause of which is unknown.

However, certain environmental and genetic risk factors can play a role. They include:

Rubella (German measles). Rubella during pregnancy can cause problems with your baby’s heart development. Your doctor can test you for immunity to this viral disease before pregnancy and vaccinate you against it if you are not immune.
Diabetes. You can reduce the risk of congenital heart defects by carefully controlling your diabetes before conception and during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually doesn’t increase your baby’s risk of developing a heart defect.
Medication. Some medicines taken during pregnancy can cause birth defects, including birth defects of the heart. Give your doctor a full list of the medications you are taking before trying to get pregnant.


Some possible complications that can occur with a congenital heart defect include:


Because the exact cause of most congenital heart defects is unknown, it may not be possible to prevent these conditions from occurring.

However, there are things you can do to reduce your child’s overall risk of birth defects and possibly heart defects, such as:

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