overview
Yips are involuntary wrist cramps that are most common when golfers are trying to putt. However, yips can also affect people who play other sports such as cricket, darts, and baseball.

It was once believed that yips were always associated with performance anxiety. However, it appears that some people have Yips due to a neurological condition that affects certain muscles (focal dystonia).

If you change the way you perform the affected task, you can find relief at Yips. For example, a right-handed person might try to seat a left-handed person.

symptom
The most common symptom associated with Yips is involuntary muscle twitching, although some people experience tremors, contractions, convulsions, or jellies.

The reasons
In some people, yips are a type of focal dystonia, a condition that causes involuntary muscle contractions during a specific task. It’s likely related to overuse of certain muscles, similar to Writer’s Cramp. Anxiety makes the effects worse.

Some athletes get so anxious and focused on themselves – thinking too much to the point of distraction – that their ability to perform a skill like putting is compromised. “Choking” is an extreme form of performance anxiety that can affect a golfer’s or athlete’s game.

Risk factors
Yips are usually associated with:

Older age
More experience playing golf
Tournament game.

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